地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (5): 798-806.doi: 10.11821/xb200505011

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域产业结构变化及其生态环境效应——以云南省丽江市为例

彭建, 王仰麟, 叶敏婷, 常青   

  1. 北京大学环境学院,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2005-04-26 修回日期:2005-07-10 出版日期:2005-09-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:彭建 (1976-), 男, 四川成都人, 博士研究生。主要从事景观生态与土地利用的学习与研究。 E-mail: jianpeng@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究项目 (G2000046807);国家自然科学基金重点项目 (40471002)

Research on the Change of Regional Industrial Structure and Its Eco-environmental Effect: A Case Study in Lijiang City, Yunnan Province

PENG Jian, WANG Yanglin, YE Minting, CHANG Qing   

  1. College of Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2005-04-26 Revised:2005-07-10 Online:2005-09-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    The State Key Basic Research and Development Plan of China, No.G2000046807; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40471002

摘要:

作为人类社会经济活动的集中体现,区域产业结构变化是土地利用变化的重要驱动力,同时其对生态环境的影响也发生了显著的变化。因此,区域产业结构变化生态环境效应研究,是可持续发展、人地关系及全球变化区域响应研究的重要内容,也是对土地利用变化研究的有益补充。本文在定性分析不同产业发展对生态环境影响的基础上,构建不同产业类型的生态环境影响系数与区域产业结构的总体生态环境影响指数,并以云南省丽江市为例,定量评价丽江市1992~2003年产业结构变化及其对生态环境的综合影响。研究结果表明,研究时段内丽江市的产业结构发生了较大变动,经历了两次产业结构转型;但产业结构的生态环境影响整体属于中等,且逐年降低,区域产业结构变化带来了较好的生态环境效应。

关键词: 产业结构变化, 生态环境效应, 云南省丽江市

Abstract:

As the embodiment of human activities, the change of regional industrial structure is an important driving factor of land use change, and also makes the change of surrounding eco-environment. Therefore, research on the change of regional industrial structure and associated effects on eco-environment is, not only the helpful complement of the research of land use change, but also the key content of the research on sustainable development, human-land relationship, and geographical response on global change today. In this paper, on the basis of qualitative analysis of the influence of different industrial development on natural eco-environment, we will construct the influence coefficient of different industries on natural eco-environment, and corresponding influence index of industrial structure on natural eco-environment, so as to evaluate the eco-environmental effect of the change of regional industrial structure. The case study in Lijiang city, Yunnan province showed that, during the past 11 years, there was great change in industrial structure in Lijiang city, which experienced double industrial structure transformation. While the influence index of industrial structure on natural eco-environment was moderate, which declined year by year, indicating that the change of regional industrial structure have exerted an active eco-environmental effect.

Key words: change of industrial structure, eco-environmental effect, Lijiang city, Yunnan province