地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (4): 645-655.doi: 10.11821/xb200504013

• 流域景观研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

巩乃斯河流域游憩景观生态评价及持续利用

王云才   

  1. 同济大学建筑与城市规划学院,上海200092
  • 收稿日期:2004-09-01 修回日期:2005-03-30 出版日期:2005-07-25 发布日期:2005-07-25
  • 作者简介:王云才 (1967-), 男, 陕西勉县人, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事景观生态规划、游憩景观规划设计等理论与实践研究。主编和参编专著5部, 公开发表论文70多篇。E-mail: wyc1967@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家十五科技攻关课题(2002BA807B10)

Recreation-Scape Ecological Suitability Evaluation and Landscape Resources Sustainable Development:A Case Study of Kunes River Basin in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region

WANG Yuncai   

  1. Department of Landscape Architecture and Tourism, College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2004-09-01 Revised:2005-03-30 Online:2005-07-25 Published:2005-07-25
  • Supported by:

    Key Technologies R & D Program, No.2002BA807B10

摘要:

流域是重要的景观生态空间和游憩景观建设空间。游憩景观生态适宜性评价与规划是合理利用流域资源,建立流域协调景观体系,促进流域可持续发展的重要环节。以巩乃斯河流域景观空间为依托,以游憩景观生态适宜性评价为核心,通过景观旷奥度和相容度的核心评价和综合评价,研究了巩乃斯河流域游憩景观生态适宜性特征,探讨了巩乃斯河流域游憩景观生态保护、游憩景观资源可持续利用的重点途径。

关键词: 景观生态评价, 游憩景观, 景观资源, 持续利用, 巩乃斯河

Abstract:

River basin is an important landscape ecology and recreation-scape construction region. Recreation-scape ecological evaluation and planning are the key points for rationally utilizing river basin natural and human resources, establishing coordinated landscape system and promoting sustainable development. The Kunes is a branch of Yili River in Xinjiang, which is topographically characteristized by mountains, grassland and valley with beautiful sceneries for recreational purpose. This paper, taking landscape space of the Kunes river basin as a base, studies the suitability characteristics of the recreation-scape of the basin. Landscapes in the Kunes river basin mainly consist of broadness landscape, which occupies 38.5% of the total basin's area, the concealment landscape, which is 16.3% of the total area and transitional zone between the two types of landscapes, which is 45.2%. The evaluation of the recreation-scape suitability was carried out on seven landscape areas and 31 kinds of behaviors. The suitability of stockbreeding is 27.94%, particularly suiting plain grassland with a suitability of 62.6% and mountain grassland with a suitability of 60%. The suitability of manufacturing and processing industry as a whole is low, being only 4.13%, and with a relatively high suitability of 22.2% in small towns, but unsuitable to the other six types of landscapes. The suitability of the infrastructure construction is relatively low, being 9.92% owing to its great limitations. The suitability of towns and villages is better, being 61.1%. The social public activities are the unique human landscape of minority nationalities with a high suitability 27.8% of the total landscape. The suitability of recreation-scape behaviors is 22.59%, a moderate one with limitations to landscape. From the viewpoint of sustainable landscape resources utilization, recreational behaviors are most suitable to landscape of towns and villages, plain grassland and mountain grassland, and other landscapes are less or unsuitable to visitors, which should be conserved originally.

Key words: Kunes river, landscape ecological evaluation, recreation-scape, landscape resources, sustainable utilization