地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (4): 626-636.doi: 10.11821/xb200504011

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州市的蔓延机理与调控

苏建忠1,2, 魏清泉1, 郭恒亮3   

  1. 1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心,广州 510275;
    2. 广州市番禺区规划编研信息中心,广州 511400;
    3. 郑州大学环境与水利学院,郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2005-03-11 修回日期:2005-05-12 出版日期:2005-07-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:苏建忠 (1975-), 男, 博士生, 主要研究方向为城市人居环境与城市社区研究。E-mail: jazzysu@tom.com

The Mechanism and Adjustment of Urban Sprawl of Guangzhou

SU Jianzhong1,2, WEI Qingquan1, GUO Hengliang3   

  1. 1. Center for Urban & Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Center for Urban Planning & Research of Panyu District, Guangzhou 511400, China;
    3. School of Environment and Water Conservancy, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2005-03-11 Revised:2005-05-12 Online:2005-07-25 Published:2010-09-09

摘要:

城市蔓延给城市的合理发展带来多方面的危害。广州市自20世纪80年代以来,城市蔓延日趋严重。大型项目的建设、城市机动化与快速交通的发展、外围地区房地产的发展以及行政区划的调整等多种因素,都不同程度地导致了广州的城市蔓延。广州现行的城市发展政策与空间策略并不能很好地起到控制城市蔓延的作用。要遏制城市的继续蔓延,需要运用精明增长的理念,注重提高增长的质量,尽快制定明确的城市增长边界,严格控制外围郊区大型房地产的发展,并防止城市的过度机动化。

关键词: 广州, 城市化, 城市蔓延, 精明增长, 中心镇, 郊区, 城市增长边界

Abstract:

Urban sprawl, which is deemed as the byproduct of ever-increasing automobiles and highways, has brought quite a lot of harm to the sound development of urban areas. Since the 1980s, Guangzhou, the center of the Pearl River Delta in southern China, has experienced a booming period. With the expansion of urban space, sprawl has become more and more serious. The construction of great projects, motorization and the fast growth of express transportation, large scale real estate developments at the fringe of urban areas, as well as the adjustment of local regionalism, has led to the sprawl of Guangzhou. However, the current developmental strategy and spatial policy of Guangzhou, such as blocking the register of new motorcycles, evacuating the spatial structure to obtain more space, setting-up a few bio-corridors, as well as developing central towns in outskirts, may not take effective effect to alleviate sprawl. In order to hold back the current sprawl tendency, Guangzhou should adopt the concept of Smart Growth, pay attention to the quality of growth, make out a clear urban growth boundary, tightly control the large scale estate developments in its suburbs, and prevent the urban areas from excessive mobilization.

Key words: Guangzhou, urbanization, urban sprawl, central town, suburb, urban growth boundary