地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (4): 607-614.doi: 10.11821/xb200504009

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

1982年以来中国省级区域城市化水平趋势

沈建法   

  1. 香港中文大学地理与资源管理学系,香港新界沙田
  • 收稿日期:2005-01-21 修回日期:2005-03-21 出版日期:2005-07-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:沈建法 (1963-), 男, 浙江省宁波市人, 教授, 香港亚太研究所亚太城市与区域发展研究计划联席主任。中国地理学会会员, 主要从事人口迁移、城市化、城市与区域发展/管治研究。E-mail: jianfa@cuhk.edu.hk
  • 基金资助:

    香港中文大学研究基金项目 (2020764)

Analysis of the Trends of Urbanization Levels in Chinese Provinces since 1982

SHEN Jianfa   

  1. Department of Geography and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
  • Received:2005-01-21 Revised:2005-03-21 Online:2005-07-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    Direct Grant of the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Project, No.2020764

摘要:

城镇人口数据不一致的问题非常严重, 几乎没有系统的省级区域城市化数据。这种情况部分是因为人口普查城镇人口定义的变化,部分是由城镇设置标准的变动引起的。人口普查是全国和各省区城镇人口数据的重要来源。但是由于人口普查的城镇人口定义在不断变化,城镇人口数据很多是前后不一致的,必须进行相应调整。本文首先讨论改革时期新的城市化进程,澄清城镇人口定义的变化,然后概括地说明估计全国和区域城镇人口所用的一个基于双轨城市化概念模式的区域方法。将调整后的1982年和2000年人口普查得到的城镇人口作为计算的基础数据,对1982~2000年中国各省的城市化水平进行估计。在估计结果的基础上,分析1982~2000年中国城市化过程的主要空间特征。揭示了1982~2000中国省级区域城市化发展的主要趋势。本文最后为将来城镇人口的统计提出一些建议。

关键词: 城镇人口估计, 城市化水平, 双轨城市化, 人口普查, 中国

Abstract:

The problem of inconsistent urban population data is very serious and there is no systematic urbanization data for provincial regions in China. Such situation is caused, partly by frequent changes in the definition of urban population in population censuses and partly by changes in the criteria for the designation of cities and towns. Population census is an important source of national and provincial urban population data. But such data are not consistent due to changes in the definition of urban population in various censuses. These urban population data must be adjusted. This paper discusses the new urbanization process in the reform period first. Then the changing definitions of urban population in various censuses are clarified. A regional approach based on the concept of dual-track urbanization for estimating national and regional urban population data is proposed. Using adjusted urban population data from the 1982 and 2000 population censuses as the benchmark, an annual data series of provincial levels of urbanization is estimated for the period 1982-2000. Based on the estimation results, the major trends of urbanization in Chinese provinces are identified. Some suggestions are proposed for the statistical development of urban population in the future.

Key words: urban population estimation, level of urbanization, dual-track urbanization, population census, China