地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (3): 479-486.doi: 10.11821/xb200503014

• 生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态环境遥感综合系列制图方法

廖克1,2   

  1. 1. 福建师范大学地理科学学院, 福州 350007;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-12-25 修回日期:2005-02-16 出版日期:2005-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:廖克 (1936-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 国际欧亚科学院院士, 主要从事专题与综合制图、遥感制图与计算机制图、GIS与地图应用、地学信息图谱等的研究。E-mail: liaok@igsnrr.ac.cn; liao_ke@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40371096)

Mapping Method of Eco-Environmental Remote Sensing Complex Series

LIAO Ke1,2   

  1. 1. College of Geographical Science, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350007, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2004-12-25 Revised:2005-02-16 Online:2005-05-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40371096

摘要:

提出生态环境遥感综合系列制图方法, 采用GPS、RS、GIS相结合, 在野外综合考察与遥感影像综合判读的基础上, 利用GPS定位和GIS数据采集、分析与处理的方法技术, 在室内先生成综合性的生态环境单元轮廓界线图, 并列表记录其类型及其编码, 然后自动演绎派生出生态环境类型图及各要素专题地图。全文包括三个部分:1生态环境遥感综合系列制图的科学依据与基本方法;2生态环境遥感综合系列制图的具体方法和步骤;3结论。该方法不仅保证了生态环境综合系列地图的统一协调和科学质量, 而且大大加快了成图速度, 使系列地图更好地反映生态环境各要素之间的相互联系, 便于各地图的比较分析与综合评价, 尤其为生态环境信息系统和其他地理信息系统基本单元及其数据库的建立提供了最有效的方法。

关键词: 生态环境, 遥感, 综合系列制图, 方法, 福建

Abstract:

This paper proposed the method of ecological environmental remote sensing complex series mapping based on GPS, RS, GIS, and field integrated investigation and remote sensing images comprehensive interpretation. According to different types of ecological environment in mapping area and different characteristics of Landsat image and its tone, field integrated investigation was conducted to analyse the characteristics of ecological environment types and geomorphology, vegetation, soil and land use of the observation point and its surrounding areas, to interpret the satellite image tones and characteristics, and to find out the direct and indirect marks of interpretation. The first step of mapping is composition of the boundaries of ecological environmental unit in the seeable area, and record the ecological environmental types and coding of various elements. After field integrated investigation, based on reorganization and comprehension of the mapping area, the satellite image interpretative marks were controlled and established. The geographic methods of interpolation and extension were adopted to interpret satellite image. Finally, the ecological environmental unit boundary map was compiled for the whole mapping area. The second step concerning GIS process date and derivation with the aid of computer will automatically compose thematic map of various elements of geomorphology, vegetation, soil, land use and ecological environmental types. This method can not only improve the quality of complex series maps, but can also quicken the map making procedure, which is also convenience for comprehensive analysis and evaluation, especially for setting up unit and data base of geographic information system and ecological environmental information system.

Key words: ecological environment, remote sensing, complex series mapping, Fujian