地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (3): 445-455.doi: 10.11821/xb200503011

• 地貌学 • 上一篇    下一篇

安徽齐云山丹霞地貌成因

朱诚1, 彭华2, 李世成3, 黄林燕1, 郑朝贵1, 项伏生4, 孙毓飞5, 唐云松1, 胡济源6, 朱光辉6, 吕健君7, 程光华8   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系, 南京 210093;
    2. 中山大学地理系, 广州 510275;
    3. 洛阳轴承集团公司教育处, 洛阳 471003;
    4. 安徽省黄山市人民政府, 黄山 245000;
    5. 安徽师范大学地理系, 芜湖 241000;
    6. 安徽省黄山市地质矿产局, 黄山 245000;
    7. 安徽省黄山市屯溪区档案局, 黄山 245000;
    8. 安徽省齐云山风景区管理委员会, 休宁 245400
  • 收稿日期:2005-02-18 修回日期:2005-03-30 出版日期:2005-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:朱诚 (1954-), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事地貌与第四纪地质研究。E-mail: zhuchengnj@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金 (40271103); 南京大学985自然地理学科建设与南京大学现代分析中心测试基金项目资助成果

Danxia Landform Genesis on Qiyun Mountain, Anhui Province

ZHU Cheng1, PENG Hua2, LI Shicheng3, HUANG Linyan1, ZHENG Chaogui1, XIANG Fusheng4, SUN Yufei5, TANG Yunsong1, HU Jiyuan6, ZHU Guanghui6, LU Jianjun7, CHENG Guanghua8   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    3. Department of Education, Luoyang Bearing Group Corporation, Luoyang 471003, China;
    4. People's Government of Huangshan City, Huangshan, Anhui 245000, China;
    5. Department of Geography, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu 241000, China;
    6. Huangshan Bureau of Geology and Minerals, Huangshan, Anhui 245000, China;
    7. Bureau of Archives in Tunxi District of Huangshan City, Huangshan, Anhui 245000, China;
    8. Managing Committee of Qiyun Mountain Scenic Spot, Xiuning, Anhui 245400, China
  • Received:2005-02-18 Revised:2005-03-30 Online:2005-05-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40271103; "985 Project" construction of Physical Geography for Nanjing University and Foundation of Modern Analyses Center of Nanjing University

摘要:

齐云山丹霞地貌主要发育于中白垩统小岩组K2x1红色砂砾岩层中, 该区地貌发育主要受景德镇-祁门断裂带、江湾-街口挤压破裂带和开化-淳安褶断带三大断裂带控制。在白垩世该区经历了地块沉降, 成为陆上的断陷湖盆, 由此接受了巨厚的白垩系红层堆积。在新构造运动中, 该区经历了隆升过程, 巨厚的白垩系沉积物变成了海拔500~600 m的山体。白垩系红色砂砾岩在经历了垂直节理发育、风化破坏阶段及剥蚀搬运阶段后, 同时受岩性本身砂岩与砾岩在组分和结构上的影响, 差异性风化剥蚀显著, 因此形成了壮观的峰林、崖、洞、方山、城堡及天生桥景观。该区585 m、400 m和150 m处的三级裂点, 大致反映了该区新构造运动中三次主要的抬升过程。

关键词: 齐云山, 丹霞地貌, 地貌成因

Abstract:

The Danxia landform of Qiyun Mountain is mainly developed on red sandstone and conglomerate of middle Cretaceous series (K2x1). The landform development in this area is mainly controlled by three faulted zones, that is, Jingdezhen-Qimen faulted zone, Jiangwan-Jiekou faulted zone and Kaihua-Chun'an faulted zone. During the Cretaceous period, this area firstly experienced massif subsidence to a continental fault basin, and received thick Cretaceous red beds to accumulation. Then, during neotectonism, this area experienced an uplift process, the thick Cretaceous sediments became a mountain body with an altitude of 500-600 m. After having undergone the processes of vertical joints development, weathering, denudation and transportation, as well as influenced by the lithological component and structure between the sandstone and the conglomerate, grand Danxia landscape has formed in this area such as peak forest, steep cliff, cave, mesa, castellated peak and natural bridge. The three-grade knick points of Qiyun Mountain illustrates that the area has experienced three major uplift processes during the neotectonism.

Key words: Qiyun Mountain, Danxia landform, landform genesis