地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (3): 401-408.doi: 10.11821/xb200503006

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国城市老年人日常购物行为的空间特征——以北京、深圳和上海为例

柴彦威, 李昌霞   

  1. 北京大学城市与区域规划系, 北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2004-11-22 修回日期:2005-02-19 出版日期:2005-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:柴彦威 (1964-), 男, 副教授, 博士, 中国地理学会会员, 主要研究方向为城市社会地理和行为地理。E-mail: chyw@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40171034)

The Spatial Characteristics of Shopping Behavior of the Chinese Urban Elderly: A Case Study of Beijing, Shenzhen and Shanghai

CHAI Yanwei, LI Changxia   

  1. Department of City and Regional Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2004-11-22 Revised:2005-02-19 Online:2005-05-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40171034

摘要:

以中国城市老年人日常消费行为状况的问卷调查为基础, 主要运用经验行为主义方法, 从宏观层面揭示出中国城市老年人日常购物行为的空间特征, 通过对北京、深圳和上海三个城市的老年人购物空间圈层结构的比较研究, 发现北京市老年人购物活动随距离衰减的规律比较规则;深圳老年人购物行为空间则随距离增加而波动式衰减;上海老年人购物活动空间的收敛性最强。进一步从微观和实证的角度分析了居住区位因素对老年人购物空间的影响, 得出小区级商业设施的完善程度和可达性直接决定了老年人购物空间的收敛程度的结论。

关键词: 中国城市, 老年人, 购物行为空间, 经验行为主义方法

Abstract:

Based on questionnaire survey on the daily shopping behaviors of the Chinese urban elderly, this paper compares the spatial structures of shopping behavior of the elderly in Beijing, Shenzhen and Shanghai. The authors also point out the general spatial characteristic of shopping behavior of the elderly in Chinese cities on a large scale. By aggregate analysis, it is indicated that the spatial characteristics of shopping behaviors of the Chinese urban elderly according to the distance decay law and its decrease ratio declines with the increase of distance. Based on comparable analysis, the authors find that the shopping behaviors of the elderly in Beijing decline firmly according to the increase of distance; the shopping behaviors of the elderly in Shenzhen decline in a fluctuating way with the increase of distance, expressing a spatial structure of "leapfrog concentration"; and the number of shopping activities of the elderly in Shanghai decreases most quickly. These differences have close relations to the development level of urban commercial establishments.

Key words: Chinese cities, the elderly, space of shopping, empirical-behavioral approach