地理学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 60 ›› Issue (2): 248-256.doi: 10.11821/xb200502008

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于中心地理论对银川市服务功能的解析

樊杰1, 许豫东2, W.Taubmann3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101;
    2. 中国国际工程咨询公司, 北京100044;
    3. 德国不来梅大学地理研究所,不来梅 D-28359
  • 收稿日期:2004-06-09 修回日期:2004-12-11 出版日期:2005-03-25 发布日期:2005-03-25
  • 作者简介:樊杰 (1961-), 男, 陕西西安人, 博士生导师, 研究员, 中国地理学会理事、经济地理专业委员会主任, 主要从事人地关系地域系统机理、中国区域发展问题研究。E-mail: fanj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目 (40341008); 世界银行区域开发项目 (银川市现代化区域中心城市发展战略研究)

Analysis on the Service Functions of Yinchuan City Based on Central Place Theory

FAN Jie1, XU Yudong2, W. Taubmann3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Beijing 100101, CAS;
    2. China International Engineering Consulting Corporation, Beijing 100044, China;
    3. Institute of Geography, Bremen University, Germany
  • Received:2004-06-09 Revised:2004-12-11 Online:2005-03-25 Published:2005-03-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40341008; Funded by World Bank

摘要:

以银川为案例城市,通过2596名商场顾客、46个房地产开发项目的购房对象、10 123名建筑工人、528辆就餐汽车、858名中学生等不同领域的实际调研,对银川市城市中心职能的特征与成因进行了科学诊断;从理论层面上试图归纳影响银川区域发展空间结构的中心地系统变化的基本模式以及区域性中心城市服务功能的变化趋势;探讨了强化我国西部地区中心城市服务功能的主要途径。

关键词: 中心地, 服务功能, 银川, 吸引范围

Abstract:

The basic characteristics of Yinchuan as a central place city are diagnosed through the analysis of statistical data and questionnaire investigations, with the emphasis on the radiation range of traditional service center and the space-time characteristics of modern service industries. The statistics we collected include passenger and freight flows transported through different ways, and long-distance call flows. The field investigations were conducted on 2596 market customers, 46 house-purchasers of real estate development items, 10123 builders, 528 dining cars, and 858 middle school students. Then, two basic forms of central place system evolution, which influence the spatial structure of China's regional development, are studied theoretically, and the laws underlying service industry changes in regional central cities in recent years are concluded. The key points can be summarized into four groups: (1) the influential coverages of regional central cities depend mainly on their comprehensive strengths and economic links with other cities; (2) great differences in influential coverage exist between different cities providing service functions, and the difference is closely associated with the capacity contrast between central city and the region hosting it in providing service functions; (3) the law of distance decay of central place still exists, and the economic function of threshold is conspicuous; and (4) strengthening of the central city service functions depends on the constant structural upgrading of service industries. Finally, key measures towards strengthening the service functions of cities in western China are proposed.

Key words: central place, service function, Yinchuan, attraction range