地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (5): 754-762.doi: 10.11821/xb200405014

• 区域发展分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

广州市商业业态空间形成机理

林耿, 许学强   

  1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心, 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2003-10-02 修回日期:2004-02-19 出版日期:2004-09-25 发布日期:2004-09-25
  • 作者简介:林耿 (1972-), 男, 博士, 讲师。主要研究方向:城市地理学, 商业地理学。E-mail: lingeng00@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家杰出青年科学基金 (40125003); 中山大学青年教师科研启动基金 (372101131054) ; 广东省哲学社会科学规划项目(03104C2-15)

Forming Mechanism of Spatial Structure of Commercial Types in Guangzhou City

LIN Geng, XU Xueqiang   

  1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2003-10-02 Revised:2004-02-19 Online:2004-09-25 Published:2004-09-25
  • Supported by:

    National Science Fund for Outstanding Youths, No.40125003; ZSU Research Fund for Young Scholars, No.372101131054; Project of Philosophy & Social Science of Guangdong Province, No.03104C2-15

摘要:

以产业、用地、交通、行为、历史和文化为影响要素,分析多要素共同作用下广州市商业业态空间形成的机理,并对业态空间的效益进行评价。提出并界定了研究概念,从广州土地供应的数量、结构、分布等角度,分析了城市用地扩展与商业业态空间的关系,并总结指出:商业与房地产业具有空间共生性,相关产业的整合程度影响零售空间的发展水平。在交通网络建设对业态空间的影响方面,认为城市对外交通干线主要影响批发空间的格局;对内交通干线则直接引导零售空间的拓展方向。在行为对业态空间的影响方面,消费者的消费需求和出行倾向促成零售空间的功能分化。作者还探讨了城市历史文化与商业业态空间的关系,认为广州市区逐渐形成“传统商业街→现代购物中心→仓储式商场”的地域结构。最后,概括了多要素影响下商业业态空间的形成机理,并通过效益分析对商业业态空间进行评价。

关键词: 商业业态空间, 形成机理, 零售空间, 批发空间, 广州市

Abstract:

Focused on the influencing factors, such as industry, land use, behavior, traffic, history, and culture, the dissertation explores the formed mechanism of commercial types in Guangzhou and evaluates the benefits of its spatial structure under multi factors. The paper defines the study concepts. Based on the quantity, structure and distribution of land supply in Guangzhou, the paper analyzes the relationship between urban land expansion and spatial structure of commercial types. It is concluded that there is spatial accrete characteristic between commerce and real estate, and the degree of integration affects the developmental level of spatial structure of retail. The paper explores the effect of traffic network on spatial structure of commercial types. Urban external traffic arteries mostly affect the spatial structure of wholesale business, and the internal traffic lines combined with real estate generally lead to the expansion of spatial structure of retail. The authors consider that the demand and tendency of consumers cause the differentiation of function about spatial structure of retail. The paper probes into the relationship of history, culture and spatial structure of commercial types in Guangzhou. It is concluded that the core-fringe structure of traditional business streets, modern shopping centers and storage marketplaces in built-up area of Guangzhou is gradually appearing. Finally, the authors summarize the forming mechanism of spatial structure of commercial types by all factors, and evaluate its benefit.

Key words: spatial structure of commercial types, formation mechanism, retail space, wholesale business, Guangzhou City