地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (5): 643-652.doi: 10.11821/xb200405001

• 土地利用 •    下一篇

高密度开发城市的交通与土地利用互动关系——以广州为例

闫小培,毛蒋兴   

  1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心, 广州510275
  • 收稿日期:2004-03-17 修回日期:2004-06-29 出版日期:2004-09-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:闫小培 (1956-), 女, 重庆人, 教授, 博士生导师。主要从事城市地理学研究。E-mail: eesyxp@zsu.edu.cn; yxp@sz.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目 (40071034)

The Mutual Relationship between Urban Transport System and Land Use in Highly-Densely Developed Cities: a Case Study of Guangzhou

YAN Xiaopei, MAO Jiangxing   

  1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2004-03-17 Revised:2004-06-29 Online:2004-09-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40071034

摘要:

在评述国内外城市交通系统与土地利用互动关系研究的基础上,以广州为案例,利用有关政府部门资料、统计资料和实地调查资料,引入定量分析和GIS、RS空间分析技术,系统全面地研究了我国高密度开发城市交通系统与土地利用互动关系。结果表明:城市交通系统与土地利用之间相互影响、相互作用。交通系统的发展引起城市空间形态、土地利用开发、土地利用价格和用地布局特征的变化;反之,土地利用特征的改变也带来了交通线网格局、交通密度特征及交通模式的改变。

关键词: 高密度开发城市, 城市交通系统, 城市土地利用, 广州

Abstract:

Recently, along with the acceleration of urbanization and motorization, the urban transportation problem has been deteriorated increasingly in China. So the study of the mutual relationship between urban transport system and land use has aroused more and more attention of the Chinese scholars and specialists. On the basis of literature review on mutual relationship between urban transport system and land use, quantitative methods and spacial analysis technology like GIS and RS are cautiously adopted besides traditional methods. This paper studies the mutual relationship between transport system and land use in Guangzhou, a metropolis of southern China, in terms of documents, data and on-the-spot investigation. Firstly, the evaluative characters of the urban transport system and land use of Guangzhou are analyzed through a systematic analysis of the whole formative process of Guangzhou's transport system and land use. The level of transport system is still at a low level compared with the average of the cities in developed countries, and the land use of Guangzhou has the unique highly-densely developed and agglomerated character. Then, the interplay between urban land use and transport system is examined. Through theoretical and empirical analyses, this paper conducts an all-around research on the effects of urban transport system on urban land use, i.e., land use pattern, land exploitation, land price and functional distribution as well as the influence of urban land use on transport system, i.e., transport network pattern, traffic demand and transport modes. Finally, a brief conclusion is drawn that there is interplay between urban transport and land use of Guangzhou. This study will benefit the searching the root of urban transport problems and the solving measures of transport problems certainly.

Key words: highly-densely developed city, urban transport system, urban land use, Guangzhou