地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (2): 311-319.doi: 10.11821/xb200402018

• 区域经济发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国东部沿海地带人地关系状态分析

张雷,刘毅   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2003-08-23 修回日期:2003-11-19 出版日期:2004-03-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:张雷 (1951- ), 男, 北京人,研究员、博导,长期从事资源开发与区域发展研究。E-mail: Zhangl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院基金项目 (KCXZ2-307-01);国家自然科学基金项目(No.90210037)

An Analysis on Man-Land Relationship of Eastern China

ZHANG Lei, LIU Yi   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2003-08-23 Revised:2003-11-19 Online:2004-03-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    The Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No.KCXZ2-307-01; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.90210037

摘要:

作为中国现代社会经济发展的主体发动机,东部沿海地区人地关系的演进状态和趋势不仅决定着地区自身而且决定着整个国家可持续发展的基本取向。有鉴于此,本文试图通过人地关系对应公式进行东部沿海地区人地关系演进状态的总体评价。评价的结果表明:第一,与中西部相比,东部沿海地区人地关系演进的实际紧张状态严峻的多,人地关系演进系数达到了2.13 (表观);第二,在地区人地关系的演进过程中,经济活动和人口集聚起着决定影响,其中尤以经济活动的作用最为关键,其贡献度达到75%;第三,未来人地关系状态的协调和改善主要取决于地区自身资源环境基础的扩展和改造能力。

关键词: 中国东部沿海地区;人地关系;资源环境基础;人文活动

Abstract:

As a key driving force of modern economy, the process of man-land relationship in eastern China has a decisive influence on sustainable development of both the whole country and the region itself. This paper is aiming at evaluating the general pattern of man-land relationship in eastern China through a cross-factor model, which refers to the interrelationship between regional resource-environment base (arable land, waters, minerals, forestry, and energy resources) and human activities (population growth and GDP increase). The findings of this paper could be concluded as the following: first, because of highly convergent human activities, a much more pressure on the man-land relationship of eastern China during the last 20 years has been proved when compared with both central China and western China; secondly, economic activity, rather than population growth, had a decisive influence on the highly intensified man-land relationship of eastern China; thirdly, in order to release the growing pressure on the man-land relationship of eastern China, it could be useful to reinforce the resource-environment base of eastern China itself by opening-up the region widely on the one hand, and improve the efficiency of resource-use through speeding up regional economic structure deeply on the other.

Key words: eastern China, man-land relationship, resource-environment base, human activity