地理学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 59 ›› Issue (2): 189-196.doi: 10.11821/xb200402004

• 西部生态环境与开发 • 上一篇    下一篇

呼伦贝尔沙地沙丘砂来源的定量分析— 逐步判别分析(SDA)在粒度分析方面的应用

韩广1, 张桂芳2, 杨文斌3   

  1. 1. 湖南师范大学资源环境科学学院,长沙 410081;
    2. 湖南大学土木工程学院,长沙 410082;
    3. 内蒙古林业科学研究院,呼和浩特 010014
  • 收稿日期:2003-07-23 修回日期:2003-09-15 出版日期:2004-03-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:韩广 (1964-), 男, 博士, 教授。长期从事北方地区风沙地貌与沙漠化、植物生态学等方面研究, 已发表20余篇学术论文。E-mail: hanguang@mail.hunnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家留学基金委留学回国人员科研启动基金 (教外司留[2002]247)

A Quantitative Analysis for the Provenance of Dune Sand in the Hulun Buir Sandy Land: Application of Stepwise Discriminant Analysis to the Granulometric Data

HAN Guang1, ZHANG Guifang2, YANG Wenbin3   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China;
    2. College of Civil Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China;
    3. Forestry Academy of Inner Mongolia, Huhhot 010010, China
  • Received:2003-07-23 Revised:2003-09-15 Online:2004-03-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    CSC special starting fund for scholars returning from abroad, No.[2002]247

摘要:

以呼伦贝尔沙地砂物质的粒度分析资料为基础,利用两组间的逐步判别分析 (SDA) 来筛选决定不同沉积物间差异的主导因子,根据主导因子的个数、Mahalanobis距离D2、通过统计学检验的信度?琢等3个因素,来定量地确定两个总体间的相似性大小。分析结果表明:呼伦贝尔沙地的风成沙丘砂主要来源于海拉尔组砂 (Q3),但河流冲积砂和古土壤也有不可忽视的作用;在嵯岗镇附近及其以西的海拉尔河下游宽阔河谷中,自然条件下河流冲积砂也可以成为风成沙丘砂的主要沙源。

关键词: 内蒙古呼伦贝尔;粒度分析;逐步判别分析;沙丘砂;海拉尔组砂;河流冲积砂

Abstract:

Quantitatively determining the provenance of dune sand is one of the problems necessarily and urgently to be solved in geomorphic and desertification research. Based on the granulometric data of sand materials from the Hulun Buir Sandy Land, the stepwise discriminant analysis (SDA) technique for two groups is employed to select the principal factors determining the differences between surface loose sediments. The extent of similarity between two statistical populations can be described quantitatively by three factors such as the number of principal variables, Mahalanobis distance D2 and confidence level ?琢 for F-test. Results reveal that: 1) aeolian dune sand in the region is mainly derived from Hailar Formation (Q3), while fluvial and palaeosol sand also supply partially source sand for dunes; and 2) in the broad valley in the vicinity of Cuogang Town and west of it, the lower reaches of Hailar River, fluvial sand can naturally become principal supplier for dune sand.

Key words: Hulun Buir Sandy Land, granulometric analysis, stepwise discriminant analysis (SDA), dune sand, Hailar Formation, fluvial sand sediments