地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (6): 927-936.doi: 10.11821/xb200306016

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京高科技产业集聚过程及其影响因素

李国平,孙铁山,卢明华   

  1. 北京大学政府管理学院城市与区域管理系,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2003-05-23 修回日期:2003-08-20 出版日期:2003-11-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:李国平 (1961-), 黑龙江省拜泉县人, 博士, 副教授, 日本学术振兴会外国人特别研究员, 中国地理学会副秘书长。主要从事经济地理学、产业与区域经济学、区域发展规划等领域的研究与教学工作, 已发表学术论著50余篇 (部)。E-mail: liguopinglgp@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家软科学研究项目(Z00029);北京软科学研究项目(H013510060112)

A Study on the Process, Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Beijing's Hi-Tech Industrial Agglomeration

LI Guoping, SUN Tieshan, LU Minghua   

  1. Department of Urban and Regional Management, School of Government, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2003-05-23 Revised:2003-08-20 Online:2003-11-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Soft Science Research Project No.Z00029;Beijing's Soft Science Research Project No.H013510060112

摘要:

结合欧美关于产业集聚研究的理论和实践,利用统计数据、问卷调查和企业访谈等相关资料,概括总结北京高科技产业集聚的过程、特征及其产业类型、空间过程、驱动力量、集群形成推动者、重要的创业支援机构、其他重要的形成因素和发展绩效。借助Porter的菱形构架 (钻石体系),全面分析了北京高科技产业集聚的影响因素及其相互作用关系。独特的历史背景和初始状态在一定程度上决定了北京高科技产业集聚的形成。而在北京高科技产业集聚的发展中,政策驱动和外资驱动起到了重要作用。政府政策尤其是政府在营建官产学合作网络以及区域创新环境方面,极大地激励了北京高科技产业的集聚和发展。以跨国公司为代表的外资企业成为近年来北京高科技产业集聚的重要驱动力量。作者进一步提出探讨北京高科技产业集聚的形成原因时,要具有综合观点,特别是要结合区域自身特点来分析各影响要素的构成和具体作用。

关键词: 产业集聚, 高科技产业, 集聚理论, 北京

Abstract:

Beijing has become one of the most important hi-tech industrial agglomeration areas of China now. Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration has its particular developing process and characteristics. Based on the European and American industrial agglomeration theories, using statistics data, and through questionnaire investigation and enterprise interview, this paper summarizes the process and characteristics of Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration, and also analyzes its industrial types, spatial evolvement process, driving power, driving factors of the cluster, supporting system, developing performance and other important influencing factors. Besides, based on the Diamond Theory of Michael Porter, the paper summarizes the factors influencing Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration and analyses the interaction among them. The particular historic background and original status decides the formation of Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration in some way. While, during the development of Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration, policies and foreign investment play key roles. Policies helping build cooperative network among the government, enterprises and research institutes and regional innovation environment accelerate the development of Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration greatly. And MNCs have also been the most important driving power of Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration these years. Finally, the paper puts forward that the formation of Beijing's hi-tech industrial agglomeration must be analyzed with a comprehensive view, and we should analyze the composition and specific functions of the influencing factors combined with Beijing's peculiarities.

Key words: industrial agglomeration, hi-tech industry, agglomeration theories, Beijing