地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (6): 817-823.doi: 10.11821/xb200306003

• 生态系统与地表过程 • 上一篇    下一篇

近30年来青藏高原西大滩多年冻土变化

南卓铜,高泽深,李述训,吴通华   

  1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所冻土工程国家重点实验室,兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2003-05-19 修回日期:2003-07-09 出版日期:2003-11-25 发布日期:2003-11-25
  • 作者简介:南卓铜 (1977-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事寒区环境与GIS研究。 Email: nztong@ns.lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新重大项目 (KZCX1-SW-04);科技部项目(G1998040812);中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目 (CACX200009)

Permafrost Changes in the Northern Limit of Permafrost on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in the Last 30 Years

NAN Zhuotong, GAO Zeshen, LI Shuxun, WU Tonghua   

  1. State Key Lab of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2003-05-19 Revised:2003-07-09 Online:2003-11-25 Published:2003-11-25
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCX1-SW-04;Project of Ministry of Science Technology No.G1998040812;Knowledge Innovation Project of CAREERI, CAS, No.CACX200009

摘要:

结合1975年已有勘探资料,对青藏高原多年冻土北界西大滩进行了雷达勘探。勘探发现,近30年来青藏高原多年冻土北界发生较大规模的多年冻土退化,多年冻土面积从1975年的160.5 km2退化成现在的141.0 km2,缩小约12%;开始出现多年冻土的最低高程为4 385 m,比1975年升高了25 m。近30年来研究区的气候变化是造成北界多年冻土退化的主要原因。相同气候背景下,多年冻土腹部地温有升高,但在30年尺度上不会发生明显的退化。本次冻土区域调查的结果可为检验冻土-气候关系模型的可靠与否提供依据。

关键词: 青藏高原, 西大滩, 多年冻土, 雷达勘探

Abstract:

A radar survey on permafrost changes has been conducted in Xidatan, the northern limit of permafrost on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Comparison with the survey result of 1975 in the same region shows that, in the last 30 years, permafrost degradation has occurred on a relatively large scale in the northern limit of permafrost on the QTP. Permafrost area in the region of interest has been shrunk to 141.0 km2 from original 160.5 km2 in 1975, or permafrost reduction rate estimated being about 12%. The lowest altitude with permafrost coverage is 4385 m exposed in this survey, 25 m higher than that of 1975. Climate change during the past 3 decades in the permafrost northern limit mostly contributes to the reduction. However, under the same climate scenario, no significant degradation was found in the scale of 30 years in the continuous permafrost zone, despite distinct ground temperature rising there. The survey result shows a fact to tell how and how much permafrost responses to climate change, and provides a reference to identify interaction models between permafrost and climate system.

Key words: the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Xidatan, permafrost, radar survey