地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (3): 390-397.doi: 10.11821/xb200303008

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

高科技园区与城市协调发展的生态调控

方创琳,黄金川   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-08-06 修回日期:2002-12-30 出版日期:2003-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:方创琳 (1966-), 男, 博士, 研究员,博士生导师,主要从事区域可持续发展与区域规划研究。E-mail: fangcl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目 (KZCX2-SW-318-03); 中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1-09-04; KZCX1-08)

Ecological Means of Concerted Development Between High-tech Park and City: A Case of Shenzhen Silicon Peak Software Park

FANG Chuanglin, HUANG Jinchuan   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-08-06 Revised:2002-12-30 Online:2003-05-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No.KZCX2-SW-318-03; No.KZCX1-08; No.KZCX1-09-04

摘要:

高科技园区的区位选择独特,与城市唇齿相依,高科技人才集聚,智力密集型产业集中,创新空间狭小,创新能力强大,生态环境良好,便于激发灵感。因而与城市之间保持着一种经常性的动态和谐关系,这种和谐关系理论上可以通过动态协调度和静态协调度量化。为了实现高科技园区与城市协调发展的动态和谐,最大限度地提高系统和谐度,建议采取GIS技术手段,系统分析园区自然生态条件,为生态调控奠定基础;采用规划设计手段,合理布局园区产业功能分区和总体结构;采用景观设计手段,强化园区生态景观的视觉效果和美誉度,建设绿色园区;利用市场价值手段,综合分析园区生态调控的经济、社会和环境效益;采用政策调控手段,确保园区生态调控的实施效果。

关键词: 高科技产业园区, 协调发展, 生态调控, 深圳硅峰生态软件园

Abstract:

High-tech park is a new industrial spatial form, which is different from traditional industrial form. These parks have particular sites, generally settled in the suburbs of the city to avoid industrialized area and to attach the urbanized area cheek by jowl. High-tech employees and knowledge industries get together in those parks. Their innovation space is limited, however, their innovation ability is strong. Their favourable eco-environment is useful to waken personnel's inspiration. Therefore, the dynamic concordated relationships between high-tech park and the city are often going on. Population, resource, ecology, environment, economy and society constitute six aspects of relationships between high-tech park and the city. According to people's satisfactory degree for any aspect, this paper constructs an index to measure the relationship. In order to develop the high-tech park harmoniously, this paper takes Shenzhen silicon peak software park as an example, provides four means to regulate it, that is, based on GIS, making systems analysis of park natural and ecological condition; through layout, reasonably distributing the park function zones and deciding its spatial structure; through landscape design, strengthening the sightseeing effect and improving its life amenity; and through the market economy means, upgrading the area economic, ecological and social benefits.

Key words: high-tech park, concerted development, ecologically regulating means, Shenzhen