地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (2): 314-320.doi: 10.11821/xb200302019

• 土地利用与土地覆盖 • 上一篇    

贵州岩溶地区岩性与土地石漠化的 相关分析

李瑞玲1,2, 王世杰1, 周德全1, 张殿发1, 李凤全1, 周忠发3, 熊康宁3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地球化学研究所,环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵阳550002;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京 100029;
    3. 贵州师范大学资源与环境科学系,贵阳 550001
  • 收稿日期:2002-05-28 修回日期:2002-11-17 出版日期:2003-03-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:李瑞玲 (1975-), 女, 博士生, 从事环境地球化学及GIS应用方面研究。E-mail: lrl_2000@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目 (49833002); 中国科学院“西部之光”项目; 国家“九五”攻关专题 (96-920-04-02-12)

The Correlation between Rock Desertification and Lithology in Karst Area of Guizhou

LI Ruiling1,2, WANG Shijie1, ZHOU Dequan1, ZHANG Dianfa1, LI Fengquan1, ZHOU Zhongfa3, XIONG Kangning3   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Environmental Geochemistry, Geochemistry Institute, CAS, Guiyang 550002, China;
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
    3. Department of Resource and Environmental Science, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550002, China
  • Received:2002-05-28 Revised:2002-11-17 Online:2003-03-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 49833002; "Light of Western China" project of Chinese Academy of Sciences; The key project of the National Ninth-Five Year Plan, No. 96-920-04-02-12

摘要:

在构筑1:50万贵州岩溶地区岩石组合类型分布图的基础上,以GIS为分析手段,对贵州省石漠化分布图和地层岩性图进行了空间分析,探讨了各类岩性与不同级别石漠化之间的相关关系。石漠化与岩性具有明显的相关性,强度石漠化主要分布在纯质碳酸盐岩地区,尤其是纯质灰岩地区;中度石漠化在白云岩组合中的比例较灰岩组合中高;轻度石漠化在碳酸盐岩与碎屑岩夹层和互层中分布较广;石漠化与纯碳酸盐岩相关关系最明显。

关键词: 石漠化, 岩性, 空间相关, 岩溶, 贵州

Abstract:

Based on 1:500,000 digital map of lithology distribution in Guizhou, spatial analysis of the maps of rock desertification and of lithology is conducted by GIS. Results indicate that there is obvious relativity between rock desertification and lithology. Intense rock desertification scatters maily in pure carbonate rock area, especially in pure limestone area whereas moderate rock desertification is more widely distributed in dolomite association than in limestone association and slight rock desertification is widely distributed in carbonate rock association layered with clastic rock.

Key words: rock desertification, lithology, spatial correlation, karst region, Guizhou