地理学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 58 ›› Issue (1): 9-16.doi: 10.11821/xb200301002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国地理教育:继承与创新

史培军1,2, 宋长青3, 葛道凯4,5, 傅伯杰6, 王民7, 刘宝元2,7, 王仰麟4   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学资源科学研究所,北京 100875;
    2. 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875;
    3. 国家自然科学基金委员会地球科学部,北京 100085;
    4. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京 100871;
    5. 教育部高等教育司,北京 100816;
    6. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京 100085;
    7. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2002-10-26 修回日期:2002-12-25 出版日期:2003-01-25 发布日期:2003-01-25
  • 作者简介:史培军 (1959-), 陕西靖边人, 教授, 博导, E-mail: spj@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(39899374);教育部跨世纪人才培养基金项目(1998)

Education of Geography in China: Inheriting and Innovation

SHI Peijun1,2, SONG Changqing3, GE Daokai4,5, FU Bojie6, WANG Min7, LIU Baoyuan2,7, WANG Yanglin4   

  1. 1. Institute of Resources Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    3. Department of Earth Sciences of National Natural Science Foundation of China, Beijing 100085, China;
    4. Department of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China;
    5. Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100816, China;
    6. Research Center of Eco-environmental Science, CAS, Beijing 100085, China;
    7. Department of Resources and Environmental Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2002-10-26 Revised:2002-12-25 Online:2003-01-25 Published:2003-01-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.39899374

摘要:

面对国内外高度重视创新人才培养的形势,以及培养在中国市场经济体制下地理各专业人才的就业竞争力,中国地理教育在继承优良传统的基础上必须创新;中国地理教育必须对基础地理教育和高等地理教育进行全面的改革。为此提出实施地理学跨越式发展的三条对策,即在地球系统科学与可持续发展科学的框架下,构建中国地理教育的新体系;在国家标准和适应国际规范的前提下,规范高等地理教育的学科划分和课程体系;在国家自然科学名词审定前提下,规范高等地理教育中的地理科学术语。

关键词: 地理教育;继承与创新;中国

Abstract:

The education of geography should meet the needs of geographical talents in the science of earth system and sustainable development as well as the socio-economic development in China, especially meet the needs of sustainable development strategy. Therefore, it is necessary to launch a comprehensive reform about the primary and advanced education of geography. Three countermeasures to achieve development with leaps and bounds in geographical education are further presented in this paper: (1) in the background of earth system science and sustainable development science, to establish a new system of geographical education in China; (2) on the premise of adaptation to national and international criterion, to standardize the classification of geographical knowledge system and geographical curriculum system; and (3) on the premise of technical glossary censor, to normalize the terms of geographical advanced education.

Key words: education of geography, inheriting and innovation, China