地理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (6): 709-716.doi: 10.11821/xb200206011

• 土地利用与区域开发 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国清代城镇用地面积估算及其比较

何凡能,葛全胜,郑景云   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2002-01-09 修回日期:2002-06-26 出版日期:2002-11-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:何凡能 (1963-), 男, 副研究员。主要从事历史地理与区域环境变迁研究。在期刊或出版物上发表论文20余篇 (部)。E-mail: hefn@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重大项目 (KZCX1-SW-01-09), 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程(CXIOG-E01-05-01)

Reckoning the Areas of Urban Land Use and Their Comparison in the Qing Dynasty in China

HE Fanneng, GE Quansheng, ZHENG Jingyun   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2002-01-09 Revised:2002-06-26 Online:2002-11-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    The Knowledge Innovation Project of CAS, No. KZCX1-SW-01-09; Knowledge Innovation Project of IGSNRR, CAS, No. CXIOG-E01-05-01

摘要:

根据清代文献中有关城垣周长里数及政区设置的记载资料,探求估算清代城镇用地面积的可行性、估算方法、资料处理与转换方法以及偏差校正方法等,初步取得了一套反映清代嘉庆年间 (1820年) 本部18行省城镇用地面积的估算数据。在此基础上,分析该区城镇用地规模的区域差异,并与1999年调查统计资料进行对比。

关键词: 城镇用地, 面积估算, 区域差异, 比较研究

Abstract:

Based on the numerable and standardized data collected from historical documents, we reckoned the areas of urban land use for 18 provinces in the Qing Dynasty, analyzed the changing situation, regional differentiation, and contrasted them with those of the contemporary age. The results are shown in the following: (1) The method, by which the areas of urban land use in the Qing Dynasty are reckoned in light with at the administrative division levels, the number of towns and city wall perimeters, was provided with rationality to a certain degree. (2) The results showed that the area of urban land use was 1,987.44 km2 in 18 provinces of the Qing Dynasty, merely 0.05% of the total land area in the region. Among which the scopes of Zhili and Jiangsu provinces were the greatest, being 316.34 km2 and 185.77 km2, respectively 0.097% and 0.188% of the jurisdiction area, and Guangxi and Guizhou provinces were the smallest, 27.92 km2 and 32.78 km2, respectively (only 0.012% and 0.033% of the jurisdiction area). (3) There were obvious spatial differences in urban land use in the region. For the scale of urban land use, the northern provinces were greater than the southern provinces, the eastern provinces were greater than the western provinces, and southwest provinces were the smallest in all the provinces. The provinces of Zhili, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Jiangsu and Zhejiang were obviously greater than the other provinces.

Key words: urban land use, area reckoning, comparative study, regional differentiation