地理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (5): 553-560.doi: 10.11821/xb200205007

• 生态环境的区域差异 • 上一篇    下一篇

三峡库区生态环境约束下的支柱产业选择

毛汉英11, 高 群11, 冯仁国22   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京, 100101;
    2. 中国科学院资源环境科学与技术局, 北京, 100864
  • 收稿日期:2002-04-18 修回日期:2002-06-20 出版日期:2002-09-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:毛汉英 (1938-), 男, 江苏江阴人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事区域可持续发展与区域发展规划研究。E-mail:maohy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目 (KZCX-SW-318-03)

The Selection of Pillar Industries under the Ecologically and Environmentally Friendly Principles in Three Gorges Area

MAO Hanying1, GAO Qun1, FENG Renguo2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Bureau of Science and Technology for Resources and Environment, CAS, Beijing 100864, China
  • Received:2002-04-18 Revised:2002-06-20 Online:2002-09-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    Project of Knowledge Innovation of CAS (KZCX-SW-318-03)

摘要:

三峡库区具有人地矛盾尖锐、生态环境脆弱、经济基础薄弱等特点。本文提出了三峡库区生态环境约束下支柱产业选择的原则,在此基础上建立了库区支柱产业选择的指标体系,运用层次分析法和投入--产出模型等定量研究方法,通过综合比选,将食品工业、以汽车摩托车零配件为主体的机电工业,以中药材深加工为主的医药工业,新型建材和生态旅游作为三峡库区今后15~20年重点发展的支柱产业,并对选择结果作了分析预测。

关键词: 三峡库区 生态环境约束 支柱产业

Abstract:

The authors put forward six principles for selection of pillar industries in Three Gorges Area: ① good ecological benefit; ② marketable product and market rapidly expanding ability; ③ strong driving and affiliating ability; ④ good economic benefit; ⑤ technical progress and able to adopt new technological knowledge; ⑥ propitious to the labor employment and establish indices, including three hiberarchys,six series and 17 items.The weight of every item is evaluated by AHP:ecological index is 0.28; market index is 0.22; economical benefit is 0.16;technological innovation index is 0.14; labor employment index is 0.12; industrial correlative domino effect index is 0.08. By carefully and deliberately weighing under these indices,the authors think to choose five pillar industries to foster as keystones and analysis their development.

Key words: Three Gorges area under the ecologically and environmentally friendly principles pillar industry