地理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (4): 489-496.doi: 10.11821/xb200204014

• 区域开发 • 上一篇    下一篇

技术流的动力机制、渠道与模式——以珠江三角洲为例

许学强1, 王欣2, 阎小培1   

  1. 1. 中山大学城市与区域研究中心, 广州 510275;
    2. 广州天河发展研究室, 广州 510630
  • 收稿日期:2001-11-16 修回日期:2002-04-23 出版日期:2002-07-25 发布日期:2002-07-25
  • 作者简介:许学强 (1939- ), 男, 教授, 博士生导师, 代表作有《现代城市地理学》等, E-mail:eesxxq@zsu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然基金重点资助项目 (49831003)

Technology Flow in the Pearl River Delta: Dynamism, Channels and Models

XU Xueqiang1, WANG Xin2, YAN Xiaopei1   

  1. 1. Center for Urban and Regional Studies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275, China;
    2. Policy Researching Department of Guangzhou Tianhe Regional CCCP, Guangzhou 510630, China
  • Received:2001-11-16 Revised:2002-04-23 Online:2002-07-25 Published:2002-07-25
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China No.49831003

摘要:

技术流是一个与人流、物流、信息流相并广泛使用的词汇,但学界极度缺乏对技术流概念、机制、渠道以及模式等基本理论的探讨。以珠江三角洲为例,通过城市、交易会、企业三个层次的多案例实证研究,提出了技术流的概念、技术流动力机制—深圳新二元结构、技术流的新型渠道—高交会的复合嵌套平台模式,以及企业间技术流模式与空间模式。

关键词: 技术流, 动力机制, 渠道, 模式

Abstract:

Technology flow is a concept widely used yet poorly discussed academically. Based on several cases in the Pearl River Delta, empirical study is done to probe into the conceptual system of technology flow, its dynamism and channels, and the models. First, technology flow is defined as the moving process of technological capacity. Second, the dynamism of technology flow is examined. The authors declare that besides science and market driving forces, the governmental force exists in most parts of China as the third one. However, the technology flow in Shenzhen is principally promoted by the push-pull influences exerted by the government and the market. Third, it is found that the Shenzhen High-tech fairs is typical of the complex interlinked platform structure. Fourth, three models of inter-enterprise technology flow are observed including the dual-circulation model, the Y pattern model and two linear models, represented by HYT, Jinpeng Group, Hualing Group and TCL Group respectively. Fifth, three spatial models are observed in light of the technology source and the level of technology obtained or diffused.

Key words: channel, model, technology flow, dynamism