地理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (3): 356-364.doi: 10.11821/xb200203012

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国市场群落发展机制

石忆邵   

  1. 同济大学测量与国土信息工程系, 上海, 200092
  • 收稿日期:2001-09-29 修回日期:2001-12-26 出版日期:2002-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:石忆邵(1963- ), 男, 教授, 博士生导师. 主要从事城乡区域发展研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49801005)

On the Development of Market Clusters of China

SHI Yishao   

  1. Department of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2001-09-29 Revised:2001-12-26 Online:2002-05-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49801005

摘要:

市场群落的崛起已成为21世纪初叶中国市场经济发展的新景观。在概述市场群落的基本特点后,揭示其形成和演化的动力机制;继而对单个市场与群落型市场上经营者的行为方式特征进行了比较分析,表明群落型市场具有多方面的竞争优势;指出市场群落的空间扩张还促进了经济国际化与本地化的有机融合发展。同时认为,市场群落持续发展的根本在于保证商人的可持续发展,并提出了相应的对策建议。

关键词: 市场群落, 动力机制, 行为方式, 空间扩张效应, 商人可持续发展, 中国

Abstract:

The rising of market clusters is becoming a new landscape of market economic development of China in the early 21st century. In the present study, the features of market clusters are firstly summed up, i.e., centralized trading activities, large trading scope and remarkable scale economic benefit; complete sets of leading industries and dominant commodities; powerful inner links and derivative effects; definite marketing division of labour and notable aggregated benefit; vast areas of market convergence and divergence. Secondly, the dynamic mechanism of formation and evolution of market clusters is revealed, including the mechanism of spatial extension, differentiation and integration of specialized markets, the mechanism of coupling and joint motion of specialized markets and distinctive local industries, the mechanism of extension and aggregation between industrial chains and consumer chains. Thirdly, by means of comparison of the features of merchants' behavioral patterns, e.g. patterns of shift, sources of funds, means of transport, characteristics of management, objective choices, behavioral standards, degree of division of labour, relations between production and consumption, competition and cooperation, patterns of spatial extension and so on, it is shown that market clusters possess a series of advantages over isolated markets. Therefore, the interrelated and promoting effects of market clusters must be attached great importance to and brought into full play in the course of regional economic development. Fourthly, the network extension effects of market clusters on accelerating the integration of economic globalization with economic localization are pointed out. Finally, the sustainable development of traders should be emphasized so as to maintain the continued development of market clusters. The following suggestions should be focused on: (1) to establish "the centers of showing the solicitude and services for traders"; (2) to build up the credit network of traders; (3) to perfect the rules and regulations of levying and supervising taxes; (4) to accelerate the implementation of "the plan of traders' training"; and (5) to make great efforts to improve the level and quality of services for traders.

Key words: market clusters, dynamic mechanism, behavioral patterns, spatial extension effects, sustainable development of traders, China