地理学报 ›› 2002, Vol. 57 ›› Issue (3): 345-355.doi: 10.11821/xb200203011

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

陕甘宁边区生态购买设计与操作途径

延军平,严艳   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2001-08-30 修回日期:2002-01-10 出版日期:2002-05-25 发布日期:2010-09-06
  • 作者简介:延军平 (1956- ), 男, 陕西绥德人, 教授, 主要从事区域环境变化与开发研究, 发表论文40多篇。E-mail:yanjp@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金项目 (01BJY045); 国家自然科学基金项目 (40017005)

Design and Operation Channels of the Ecological Purchase in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area

YAN Junping, YAN Yan   

  1. Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2001-08-30 Revised:2002-01-10 Online:2002-05-25 Published:2010-09-06
  • Supported by:

    National Social Science Foundation of China, No. 01BJY045; National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.40017005

摘要:

在实地调研的基础上,以集革命老区、贫困地区、水土流失严重地区及生态环境脆弱区域于一身的陕甘宁边区为例,探讨西部大开发中生态环境建设的最佳途径,陕甘宁边区的生态环境建设必须是一种经济建设,即建设“商品生态”和买卖“生态商品”,通过“生态购买”实现“生态致富”,论述了实施生态购买工程的必要性、可行性和操作途径,建议国家启动生态购买工程。

关键词: 生态环境建设, 脱贫, 生态购买, 陕甘宁边区

Abstract:

This paper aims to discuss what is the best channel for eco-environmental construction in the development of western region, taking the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area for example. It is also a poverty-stricken area where soil erosion is very serious. According to investigation results, its ecological environmental construction must be economic construction, that is to say, 'Commodity Ecology' should be built and 'Ecological Commodity' could be bought and sold, in order to achieve 'ecological rich'. The paper studies the necessity, possibility and operating channel of ecological purchase project. It is suggested that the government might start 'Ecological Purchase Project'. What is called ecological purchase is that government departments pay a sum of money to owners of forest and grass for its quantity and quality each year, start special projects, set up professional organizations, carry out national marketing economic system in typical areas where ecological environmental deterioration is very serious, in order to gain Win-Win benefits for both local governments and peasants. The main part of purchase is government, that is to say, government departments pay bills for the existence of forest and grass which rights of proprietary and use belong to peasants. It is similar to crops and cotton which were government monopolistic commodities. The significance of ecological purchase is as follows: changing planned economy into market economy; changing process management into objective management; changing national wants into peasant's requirements; changing capital construction into infrastructure; changing ineffective investment into effective investment; changing static investment into dynamic investment; changing invaluable ecology into valuable ecology; changing one side participation into multi-participation; and changing national behavior into international behavior after China's WTO accession.

Key words: eco-environmental construction, poverty relief, ecological purchase, Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Area