地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (6): 722-729.doi: 10.11821/xb200106011

• 区域开发 • 上一篇    

东莞PC相关制造业地方产业群的发展演变

童昕, 王缉慈   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京 100871
  • 收稿日期:2001-06-08 修回日期:2001-09-26 出版日期:2001-11-25 发布日期:2010-09-09
  • 作者简介:童昕(1975-), 女, 四川成都人, 博士研究生, 研究方向为工业地理, 已在国内外主要学术期刊发表论文4篇。E-mail: lth@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目 (40071028)

Local Clustering: a Case Study on PC-related Manufacturing in Dongguan

TONG Xin, WANG Ji-ci   

  1. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2001-06-08 Revised:2001-09-26 Online:2001-11-25 Published:2010-09-09
  • Supported by:

    National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 40071028

摘要:

从地方产业群理论出发,探讨全球联系和本地联系对地方产业群内部企业网络发展的影响,并结合对东莞3镇的PC相关制造业的实地考察,指出随着中国沿海改革开放的不断深入,逐渐形成一些外向型制造业地方产业群,其发展过程中,本地生产网络与全球生产网络格局已经发生了转变,原来为“三来一补”的出口加工贸易服务的制度设计在实践中逐渐变成了地方产业群进一步发展的制度瓶颈。区域持续发展有赖于不断的制度创新,以充分发挥本地已经形成的产业集聚优势。

关键词: 地方产业群, 东莞, PC制造业, 企业网络

Abstract:

Through a case study on PC-related manufacturing in Dongguan, this paper examines the transformation of global-local ties in the development of local clusters in the context of Pearl River Delta, a foreign investment driven industrialized area in China. Following a brief theoretical review on the industrial cluster and the dynamics of global PC market environment, the changing structure of local PC production network is analyzed. The development of the local PC production network is divided into two stages: first, from the late 1980s to the early 1990s, export oriented manufacturing plants with strong global linkages but weak local linkages were established under the export processing regulations; second, from the middle 1990s till now, the local electronics intermediates production network kept growing with the Taiwan PC makers flood-in. The changing structure of local industrial linkages is intervened with the dynamics of social relations between different agents, which leads to the challenges of institutional innovation in the development of local clusters. Then, we analyze the congestion of custom, a prevalent problem faced by most local PC makers at present, and the ongoing bargain on regulations between overseas investors and local policy-makers. We argue that this institutional bottleneck of local production network is among the results of the structural changing, and cannot be solved only by readjustment at operational level. The forthcoming entrance WTO is a step towards improvement. However, the establishment of local common sense on new market rules among investors, local officials and labors is still a long way to go.

Key words: local clusters, Personal Computer (PC) manufacturing, local production network, global production network, Dongguan