地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (5): 549-560.doi: 10.11821/xb200105006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国流动人口的影响要素与空间分布

朱传耿1,2, 顾朝林1, 马荣华1, 甄峰1, 张伟3   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京210093;
    2. 徐州师范大学城市与环境学院;徐州221009;
    3. 首都在线,北京100020
  • 收稿日期:2001-02-25 修回日期:2001-06-12 出版日期:2001-09-15 发布日期:2001-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(49831030);国家杰出青年科学基金项目(40025102)

The Influential Factors and Spatial Distribution of Floating Population in China

ZHU Chuan geng1,2, GU Chao lin1, MA Rong hua1, ZHEN Feng1, ZHANG Wei3   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resources Sciences, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Xuzhou Normal University, Xuzhou 221009, China;
    3. Capital Online, Beijing 100020, China
  • Received:2001-02-25 Revised:2001-06-12 Online:2001-09-15 Published:2001-09-15
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49831030;The National Excellent Youth Foundation in China,No.40025102

摘要: 利用公安部 1 996年流动人口统计数据,对中国流动人口的影响要素和空间分布进行了分析和研究。首先,从城市角度分析中国流动人口的“拉力”要素发现 :流动人口规模与经济增长要素、投资要素相关显著,与社会发展要素、消费要素相关不显著 ;其次,运用 GIS技术与空间相关分析的综合集成方法,对中国流动人口的空间分布进行研究,结果表明 :中国流动人口分布存在着突出的城乡“二元”结构、东中西“3带、 5区”的空间格局。

关键词: 中国, 流动人口, 影响要素, 空间分布, 流动人口区划

Abstract: This paper makes a critical review about the researches on the floating population in China since the 1990s, then based on the floating population data in 1996 from the Ministry of Public Security of China, some influential factors and spatial distribution of floating population are analyzed. (1) By analyzing the factors, the authors find that two factors, i.e., economic growth and investment in city, are notably relative to the size of urban floating population. (2) By visualization technique of GIS and the integrated methods for spatial correlation analysis, the authors find that the spatial distribution of China’s floating population is of an evident urban rural duality with three clusters and five zones, which are the Eastern cluster, the Middle cluster, the Western cluster, the Beijing Tianjin zone, the Northeast zone, the Anhui Jiangxi zone, the Xinjiang zone and the Yunnan zone.

Key words: China, floating population, influential factors, spatial distribution, floating population division

中图分类号: 

  • C922