地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (4): 437-446.doi: 10.11821/xb200104007

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

太原盆地东南部农村聚落空心化机理分析

程连生1, 冯文勇2, 蒋立宏1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学社会发展研究所和资源环境系,北京100875;
    2. 忻州师范学院地理系,山西034000
  • 收稿日期:2001-11-15 修回日期:2001-05-27 出版日期:2001-07-15 发布日期:2001-07-15

The Analysis of Rural Settlement Hollowizing System of the Southeast of Taiyuan Basin

CHENG Lian sheng1, FENG Wen yong2, JIANG Li hong 1   

  1. 1. Institute of Society Development, and Dept. of Resource & Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Dept.of Geography, Xinzhou Normal College, Xinzhou, Shanxi 034000, China
  • Received:2001-11-15 Revised:2001-05-27 Online:2001-07-15 Published:2001-07-15

摘要: 在分析和界定空心化聚落的基础上,用雷达模型揭示了空心化聚落的激发因素和潜育环境 ;依据相对空化率和绝对空化率区位商构成 2× 2阶矩阵,将该区聚落划分为 4个空心化等级 ;并利用家庭预算曲线和地价理论,探讨了空心化聚落的成因机制 ;在研究聚落空间消长和应力状况的前提下,提出了反映聚落空心化的 5种过程模型,最后探讨了制止聚落空心化的若干措施。

关键词: 太原盆地, 聚落空心化, 空心化潜育环境, 空心化过程模式

Abstract: In this thesis, a definition for hollowization settlement is given on the basis of the principles: the relative quality, the functional transformation, the absolute abandonment and the sharp decrease in population. Based on Radar Model, 5 subbreeding environment types of hollowizing settlement are revealed: Type 1: easiest hollowizing environment which contains 4 impelling factors; Type 2: easier hollowizing environment which contains 3 impelling factors and 1 retraining factor; Type 3: plane and easy hollowizing environment which contains 2 impelling factors and 2 retraining factors; Type 4: more difficult hollowizing environment which contains 1 impelling factor and 3 retraining factors; Type 5: most difficult hollowizing environment which contains 4 retraining factors. Two indices including relatively hollowizing rate and absolute hollowizing rate are applied for expounding the hollowizing state of the settlement in the region. Two location sensibility indices( w J and w x ) constitute 2?2 rank matrix which divides the settlements of the region into four hollowizing ranks: Rank 1: high speed hollowizing settlement, w J>1,w x>1; Rank 2: steadily hollowizing settlement, w J>1,w x<1; Rank 3: latently hollowizing settlement, w J<1,w x>1; Rank 4: slowly hollowizing settlement, w J<1,w x<1. According to the price consumption budget line and the theory of land price, 3 driving powers covering the low building cost, the comparative profit and the consumption budget are discovered. Concerning the basic line, buffering line and end line, one hollowizing settlement space is divided into 3 parts: the core zone, buffering zone and the new expanding zone. Based on the growth declining state of the hollowizing settlement space, 5 patterns of the settlement hollowizing process are posed: (1) the growth process pattern of the core zone; (2) the expanded process pattern of the core zone; (3) the growth process pattern of the buffering zone; (4) the expanded process pattern of the buffering zone; (5) the growth process pattern of the new expanding zone. The checking measures against the settlement hollowizing are discussed lastly.

Key words: Taiyuan basin, settlement hollowizing, subbreeding environment of hollowizing, model of hollowizing process

中图分类号: 

  • K928.5