地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (3): 332-344.doi: 10.11821/xb200103010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

萨拉乌苏河流域150 ka BP以来的粒度旋回

张宇红1,2, 李保生1,2, 靳鹤龄3, David Dian ZHANG4, 阎满存5, 祝一志2, 李后信1, 姚春霞1, 罗开利1   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理系,广州510631;
    2. 中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室西安710061;
    3. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,兰州730000
    4. 香港大学地理及地质学系;
    5. 清华大学水利水电工程系,北京100084
  • 收稿日期:2001-03-09 修回日期:2001-04-16 出版日期:2001-05-15 发布日期:2001-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49971009);中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室资助项目(SKLLQG0008).国家重点基础研究发展规划项目(G2000048701)

Grain-Size Cycles in Salawusu River Valley since 150 ka BP

ZHANG Yu hong1,2, LI Bao sheng1,2, JIN He ling3, David Dian Zhang4, YAN Man cun5, ZHU Yi zhi2, LI Hou xin1, YAO Chun xia1, LUO Kai li1   

  1. 1 Department of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, I nstitute of Earth Environmen t,CAS,Xi’an710061,China;
    3. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,CAS, Lanzhou 730000,China;
    4. Department of Geography and Geology,Hongkong University;
    5. Department of Hydraulic Engineering,Tsinghua University,Beijing 100084,China
  • Received:2001-03-09 Revised:2001-04-16 Online:2001-05-15 Published:2001-05-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49971009;State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geo logy,In stitu te of Earth Environm en t,CAS,No.SKLLQG0008;the National Key Project forBasic Research.No.G2000048701

摘要: 萨拉乌苏河流域米浪沟湾地层剖面 1 50 ka BP以来古流动砂丘砂与河湖相和古土壤在粒度上具有多次显著的粗细韵律交替变化,粒度参数 - Mz、σ、Sk、Kg和 SC/D亦随之响应为多波动峰谷交替的态势。同时,粒度特征值 - Φ5、Φ1 6、Φ2 5、Φ50、Φ75、Φ84、Φ95相应地表现为非常有节奏地跳动。

关键词: 萨拉乌苏河流域, 米浪沟湾剖面, 150ka, 粒度, 古气候旋回

Abstract: The Milanggouwan stratigraphical section in the Salawusu River Valley takes down 27 alternately evolutionary sediment sequences of the aeolian dune layers with the fluvio lacustrine facies and palaeosols since 150 ka BP Based on grain size analyses of the 86 samples from the section, some views have been put forward: (1) Grain size accumulative centigrade contents of the aeolian sands in the past 150 ka in Milanggouwan section are mainly characterized by the aeolian palaeo mobile dune sands, and those of the fluvial facies dominated by very fine sands also contain some quantities of silt and clay (2) The grain size general distributional characteristics — Mz (particle diameter) and σ (standard deviation) clearly show that the fluvio lacustrine facies and palaeosols usually become finer in particles and worse in sorting than the aeolian sands As regards Sk (bias angle) and Kg (kurtosis) values, the former two increase obviously compared with the latter, displaying positive bias and the latter often proximately symmetrical distributed, only few in negative bias (3) At vertical direction of the section, the grain size distributional coarse and fine rhythms vary very pronouncedly with the alternation of sedimentary facies Mz, σ, Sk, Kg and SC/D (ratio of the sum of silt and clay to sand) of fluvio lacustrine, palaeosols and aeolian sands separately constitute a commulative between peak and valley values. (4) The values of grain size parameters lie on their eigenvalues Taking the eigenvalue Φ50 as a boundary, the Φ75, Φ84 and Φ95 above the eigenvalue have wide flounce range and high sensitivity responding to the sedimentary facies, which may be called "active eigenvalues". In contrast with them, those below the above cited eigenvalue, i.e., Φ5, Φ16 and Φ25, which have relatively narrow flounce range and low sensitivity.

Key words: Salawusu River valley, Milanggouwan section, 150 ka, grain size, palaeo climate cycles

中图分类号: 

  • P531