地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (3): 287-296.doi: 10.11821/xb200103005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

应用遥感数据研究中国植被生态系统与气候的关系

赵茂盛, 符淙斌, 延晓冬, 温刚   

  1. 中国科学院大气物理研究所全球变化东亚研究中心,北京100029
  • 收稿日期:2000-12-26 修回日期:2001-02-09 出版日期:2001-05-15 发布日期:2001-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大基础研究发展规划项目(G1999043400);中国科学院科学院大气物理研究所创新项目8-2613)

Study on the Relationship Between Different Ecosystems and Climate in China Using NOAA/AVHRR data

ZHAO Mao sheng FU Cong bin YAN Xiao dong WEN Gang   

  1. START, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, CAS, Beijing, 100029, China
  • Received:2000-12-26 Revised:2001-02-09 Online:2001-05-15 Published:2001-05-15
  • Supported by:
    The national key basic research project,No.G1999043400&Innovation project of institute of atmospheric physics,Chinese academy of sciences,No.8-2613

摘要: 应用 1 982~ 1 994年 NOAA/ AVHRR的归一化植被指数 (NDVI)资料和 587个气象台站的数据对我国不同类型植被生态系统和气候的关系进行研究。首先将我国的植被类型划分为2 1类,在此基础上分别研究了不同时间尺度下我国不同区域、不同植被类型和气候的关系。结果表明 :在多年平均状态下,植被生态系统 NDVI水平主要受水分条件的影响 ;年内变化上,温度对植被生态系统季相变化起着比降水略大的作用,年降水量造成了植被季相响应的差异。在年际变化上,分别研究了 4个季节和整个生长期尺度上的关系,一般情形为温度和降水对植被的年际波动起着大致相反的作用,不同植被类型在不同的生长时期 (季节 )对气候的变化响应方式也不同。

关键词: NOAA/AVHRR, NDVI, 植被类型, 气候, 中国

Abstract: Multiyear (12a) NOAA/AVHRR NDVI and meteorological station data were used to study the relationship between different ecosystems and climate in China In order to investigate the responses of different vegetation types to inter annual climate variability, we classified 21 vegetation types using GIS and the principal component analysis (PCA) Monthly NDVI was got for each meteorological station through its longitude and latitude The relations between averaged NDVI and precipitation, and temperature suggest that precipitation plays a more important part for the ecosystem than temperature does in China The relationship between NDVI and climate at an averaged year shows that temperature has a stronger force than precipitation, while precipitation causes different responses of vegetation to climate The correlations of seasonal variations between NDVI and precipitation, and temperature indicate that the responses of ecosystem to inter annual variability of climate differ at seasonal level, and that NDVI data in winter are inappropriate for investigating the variability of ecosystems in northern China To study ecosystem climate relationship at annual level, the data within growing period (April to October) for vegetation in most parts of China were used, and the results show that ecosystem climate relations for different regions differ greatly In southern China, there is a negative correlation between precipitation and NDVI and a positive correlation between temperature and NDVI.

Key words: NOAA/AVHRR NDVI, vegetation type, vegetation climate relationship

中图分类号: 

  • P461.7