地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (3): 278-286.doi: 10.11821/xb200103004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于GIS的淤泥质潮滩侵蚀堆积空间分析

李恒鹏, 杨桂山   

  1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏南京210008
  • 收稿日期:2000-12-20 修回日期:2001-03-19 出版日期:2001-05-15 发布日期:2001-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(编号:49871076);中国科学院“九五”重点项目(编号:KZ952-J1-010)

The Spatial Analysis of Erosion and Deposition of Tidal-Flat by GIS

LI Heng peng, YANG Gui shan   

  1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008,China
  • Received:2000-12-20 Revised:2001-03-19 Online:2001-05-15 Published:2001-05-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49871076,and The Key Projectof Ninth Five Year Plan of CAS,No.KZ952-J1-206

摘要: 通过野外滩地长期水准详测资料,利用地理信息系统的 GRID和 TIN模块产生潮滩高程、坡度、二维剖面、侵蚀与堆积分布图,并获取测点所在位置的高程、坡度和侵蚀量。对获取的数据及空间分布图进行分析,结果表明 :侵蚀主要发生在 - 7m以上的岸坡和潮滩,堆积主要出现于广阔的深水岸坡和部分高滩,侵蚀速率以滩前深槽岸坡最快,年侵蚀率达 1 7.9cm/a,并呈加速趋势,海岸线向陆后退速率为 31 m/a,侵蚀、堆积的闭合深度约为 - 9.5m。

关键词: 地理信息系统, 空间分析, 数字高程模型, 淤泥质潮滩, 侵蚀与堆积

Abstract: To study the distribution of erosions and deposition in Fengxian tidal flat, the elevation of tidal flat were measured in 9 years The elevation data in 1999 and 1998 were digitized to get point distribution map The Beijing Projection was used Interpolating elevation and slope analysis to point elevation were finished by using the Grid and Tin (Triangular Irregular Network) modulus of Vertical Mapper1 5 software, which generated the topographic and slope maps of 1999 and 1998 The project and cell length of the two maps identical Length of per grid is 0 05 km In the environment of Vertical Mapper1 5, the 1998’s topographic grid subtracted the 1990’s topographic grid to acquire the grid and contour maps of erosion and disposition between 1990 to 1998 Then overlaying the erosion disposition grid map and slope grid with the point distribution map, profile location map and standard tidal level location map, the erosion disposition amount and slope value of point measured, the data of profile and the shoreline change map were acquired Based on the analyses of the erosion deposition amount, slope value, coastal profile, erosion deposition distribution, shoreline change, the erosion deposition features of Fengxian tidal flat are classified as follows: 1 Three belts from north to south are divided, that is, slight eroding belt of tidal flat, severe eroding belt with steep slope and slight deposited belt between -7 and -9 5 Due to eroding, the elevation of high tide will decrease and even disappear, and the steep slope is approaching toward the shoreline The landward retreat of MLTL is at a rate of 31 m/a The feature of erosion deposition distribution from west to east is that the tidal flat of the east and the central sections are eroded more severely than the west At present, there is no high tidal flat in the east 2 On the tidal flat above MTL(the mean tide level), there are erosion area and deposition area, but are mainly erosion areas The mean erosion velocity of this area is about 2 8 cm/a Most of the tidal flat between MTL and MLTL is erosion area The mean erosion velocity is about 6 5 cm/a The steep bank slope between MLTL and -7 m contour is the most severely eroded area The mean erosion velocity is about 17 9 cm/a The deep bank slope between -7 m and -9 5 m contour is depositional area The mean deposition velocity is about 5 3 cm/a 3 The amount of erosion deposition is related to the slope The regression equation is given below:Y=0 062-0 12X Y is the velocity of erosion deposition The unit is m/a X is the slope of tidal flat The depositional areas are distributed on the high flat and the deep water bank, the slope of which is less than 0 1 The most severe erosion is distributed on the steep bank slope According to the relationship between erosion deposition and slope, we can foresee that the erosion on the slope between MLTL and -7 m contour will be more severe because the slope of this area is increasing 4 The sediments were mainly eroded from tidal flat and the steep slope between MLTL and -7 m contour and deposited on the deep bank slope below -7 m contour The closure depth is about -9 5 m

Key words: GIS, spatial analysis, DEM, tidal flat, erosion and deposition

中图分类号: 

  • P736