地理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 68 ›› Issue (1): 64-74.doi: 10.11821/xb200101008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

北京城市意象空间及构成要素研究

顾朝林1, 宋国臣2   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京210093;
    2. 北卡罗来纳大学城市与区域规划系,北卡罗来纳市,美国
  • 收稿日期:2000-05-16 修回日期:2000-10-25 出版日期:2001-01-15 发布日期:2001-01-15
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院“九五”重点项目(KZ952-J1-206);国家自然科学基金项目(49831030)

Urban Image Space and Main Factors in Beijing

GU Chao lin1, SONG Guo chen 2   

  1. 1. Department of Urban & Resource Sciences Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
    2. Department of Urban and Regional Planning University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27514 7707, USA
  • Received:2000-05-16 Revised:2000-10-25 Online:2001-01-15 Published:2001-01-15
  • Supported by:
    The Key Project of Ninth Five Year Plan of CAS,No.KZ952-J1-206,and National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49831030

摘要: 本文通过照片辨认和认知地图调查试图对北京城市意象空间进行研究。结果表明 :北京市的城市意象空间是天安门广场为中心 ,以长安街和二环、三环、四环路以及前门大街等道路骨架形成的网格状系统。该网状系统以二环路为界 ,划分为内、外两个城区。在内城区 ,在道路框架的基础上 ,由地标、节点、功能区等要素共同组成城市意象 ;而在外城区 ,则只有部分地标要素起主导作用。行政区对于整个市区居民只有模糊的意象。综合起来看 ,影响北京城市意象空间的主要要素是道路、地标和节点。

关键词: 北京, 城市意象空间, 构成要素

Abstract: This article analyzes urban images held by people living in Beijing after a short review of theoretical development in urban image space studies. Two basic methods were used to obtain data, one is cognitive mapping and the other is photo recognition. Five major factors that may influence the designative image are examined one by one. Hence we conclude that the frame constituted by roads, landmarks, nodes and function areas consist of the major public imaginary of Beijing. The Second Ring Road separates the “inner city area” from the “outer city area” and the quality of urban image is quite different in area from one part to the others. Based on the above conclusions and findings, some useful suggestions are made for urban planning and designing of Beijing.

Key words: Beijing, urban image space, cognitive map, photo recogniti

中图分类号: 

  • C912.81