地理学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (S1): 128-134.doi: 10.11821/xb2000S1019

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

气候异常对我国水资源的影响及对策

袁汝华1, 黄涛珍1, 胡炜2   

  1. 1. 河海大学水利经济研究所,南京210098;
    2. 国家防汛办,北京100053
  • 收稿日期:2000-07-03 修回日期:2000-09-18 出版日期:2000-12-15 发布日期:2000-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家九五科技攻关项目专题(96-908-03-04)

Impacts of Extraordinary Climate on Water Resources in China

YUAN Ru-hua HUANG Tao-zhen1, HU Wei1   

  1. 1. Hehai University, Nanjing 210098;
    2. National Flood & Drought Control Office, Beijing 100053
  • Received:2000-07-03 Revised:2000-09-18 Online:2000-12-15 Published:2000-12-15
  • Supported by:
    the key project of the National Ninth Five Year Plan, No.96-908-03-04

摘要: 气候是水资源变化的重要影响因素之一,气候异常对水资源的影响虽然在具体时间、地点尚存在不确定因素,但总的趋势是存在的并产生较大的影响。对气候异常对水资源的来水、供需水的影响进行定量分析,气候异常将加大我国水资源的时空分布变异与波动,提出减少气候异常对水资源影响的对策措施。

关键词: 气候异常, 水资源, 时空分布

Abstract: Climate is the important factors impacting on water resources. Otherwise, it is can’t be determined accurately between extraordinary climate and water resources, the trend and the degree of impacting extraordinary climate on water resources is obvious. The extraordinary climate impacting on runoff, supply and demand water are quantitative analyzed in This paper. Difference and fluctuation in when and where for water resources will be enlarge. Activities for retarding and avoiding to impact extraordinary climate on water resources are put forward.

Key words: extraordinary climate, water resources, distribution over time and space, quantitative analysis, activities

中图分类号: 

  • P467