地理学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (6): 719-728.doi: 10.11821/xb200006009

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

开发区土地利用的可持续性评价——以江苏昆山经济技术开发区为例

龙花楼1, 蔡运龙2, 万军2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:2000-07-05 修回日期:2000-09-17 出版日期:2000-11-15 发布日期:2000-11-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(49831020);国家重点科技项目“开发区土地高效合理利用示范工程”资助项目

Sustainability Evaluation of Land Use in Development Zone: the Case of Kunshan

LONG Hualou1, CAI Yunlong2, WAN Jun 2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2000-07-05 Revised:2000-09-17 Online:2000-11-15 Published:2000-11-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49831020;National Key Project“Exemplary Projects of Effectively Utilizing Land in Development Zone”

摘要: 开发区土地利用的可持续性涉及到各土地利用单元自身的可持续性和整个区域土地利用结构的可持续性两个方面。运用景观生态分类法,对昆山经济技术开发区进行了土地利用分类,随后针对不同类型而采取不同的评价方法,进行了土地利用的可持续性评价。

关键词: 土地利用, 可持续性, 分类与评价, 开发区

Abstract: The land in Development Zone includes not only non agricultural land with certain infrastructure, but also agricultural land in the sphere of planning, which is to be requisitioned. Land use sustainability of Development Zone involves two aspects, one is sustainability of every land use unit itself, and the other is the sustainability on structural side. To realize sustainable land use of Kunshan Economic and Technological Development Zone (KETDZ), it is necessary to understand the status quo of land use. Land use classification and evaluation are the feasible tools to understand it. In this paper, Landscape eco classification is applied to classify land use types of KETDZ. First, according to the human influencing intensity and the existing situation, four types of land use can be classified: Land in planning sphere without being requisitioned (type A); land requisitioned or granted use right without being constructed (type B); land granted use right and conducted construction activities without being utilized (type C); and utilized land (type D). Then, 17 subtypes and 20 subdivisions are classified according to the differentiation of succession process and conditions, and differentiation of functions, respectively. Accordingly, forecast evaluation of type A is to determine its developing sequence in the future development, evaluation of type B is to determine suitable utilizing and disposing ways to attain sustainable land use, and evaluation of types C and D is to evaluate their sustainability ranks. At last, sustainability evaluation of land use of KETDZ is carried out based on the establishment of the corresponding index systems of evaluation. According to the results of land use classification and evaluation, it can be seen that many land use types are not sustainable in KETDZ, and on the structural side, this is also particularly problematic.

Key words: land use, sustainability, land use classification and evaluation, Development Zone