地理学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (5): 545-554.doi: 10.11821/xb200005004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城乡结合部土壤质量变化特点与可持续性利用对策——以开封市为例

秦明周, 赵杰   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,开封475001
  • 收稿日期:2000-03-28 修回日期:2000-06-12 出版日期:2000-09-15 发布日期:2000-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49771041)

Strategies for Sustainable Use and Characteristics of Soil Quality Changes in Urban-Rural Marginal Area: A Case Study of Kaifeng

QIN Ming zhou, ZHAO Jie   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 75001, China
  • Received:2000-03-28 Revised:2000-06-12 Online:2000-09-15 Published:2000-09-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundationof China;No.49771041

摘要: 运用自然地理学、土地资源学和生态学等多学科的基本理论,以开封市为例,通过可对照的土壤采样分析,选取pH、全氮、有机质、速效氮、速效磷、速效钾、阳离子代换量等养分因子,经标准化处理,运用经修改的内梅罗公式,尝试性地评价了城乡结合部土壤的总体质量,并对比分析了典型的、不同的土地利用方式及其变化条件下的土壤质量变化,定量地说明了城乡结合部土壤质量的变化,证实了目前的维持、提高土壤质量、高产出的方法只能是高投入的结果。提出防治土壤质量退化,实现可持续性土地利用等策略。

关键词: 城乡结合部, 土壤质量, 可持续利用, 养分平衡

Abstract: Impacts of land use on soil quality, especially soil quality change became clear when 1998 soil samples in the Kaifeng rural urban marginal area are compared with 1982’s. Selected soil attributes included pH level, organic matter (OM), total nitrogen (TN), available nitrogen (AN), phosphorus (AP) and potassium (AK), cation exchange capacity (CEC) etc. Then through standardization of these parameters according to PRC national standards, the modified Nemoro Formula was used to make a trail assessment on soil quality. Soil quality changes caused by changes in typical land use patterns were analyzed. The dominant quality of soil types is still at middle level. The 1998 soil quality is 1 16, lower than 1 44 of the 1982’s. pH, OM and TN of soil attributes increased by 2 27%, 23 9% and 11 35% respectively; AP, AK and CEC declined by 67 14%, 29 8% and 4 48%. So phosphorus and nitrogen are seriously deficient to crop growth; OM and AK are in middle range. In all investigated soil samples, increased soil attributes including pH, OM, TN, AP, AK and CEC accounting for 84 6%, 71 4%, 71 4%, 28 6%, 8 3% and 35 7% respectively. In other words, alkalization developed increasingly and pH level was raised, OM and TN in soil rose more or less, AP, AK and CEC declined. Regarding land use change in patterns, there were two different trends in soil quality changes. One was improvement, which included the shift of upland to orchard or irrigated field, and the field of single rice plantation to irrigated rice wheat rotation. The other is degradation including adjustment of vegetable plots to orchard and various other shifts from extensive management. General trends of those high and middle quality grades declined lightly through land use and low quality soils were improved significantly. Specifically, 13 3% of soil types were improved qualiatively and 53 3% of soil type clearly degraded in quality. In terms of soil areas, sandy soil accounting for 60% of urban rural marginal area declined slightly within the same quality range although soil quality in Kaifeng is still in middle range. The best soil in Kaifeng is soil devoting to vegetable plots with high material input, paddy soil and irrigated field ranking at the second level (middle grade). Upland soil is the worst. Comparisons of soil quality in 1998 with that in 1982, clearly indicated that soil fertility and productivity has dropped.

Key words: urban rural marginal area, land use change, soil quality, soil nutriment balance

中图分类号: 

  • S159