地理学报 ›› 2000, Vol. 67 ›› Issue (3): 294-301.doi: 10.11821/xb200003005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国旅游资源分类系统与类型评价

郭来喜1, 吴必虎2, 刘锋1, 范业正3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101;
    2. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京100871;
    3. 华东师范大学地理系,上海200062
  • 收稿日期:1999-07-21 修回日期:2000-02-18 出版日期:2000-05-15 发布日期:2000-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(49631030)

Study on the Tourist Resources Classification System and Types Evaluation in China

GUO Lai xi1, WU Bi hu2, LIU Feng1, FAN Ye zheng3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    2. Department of Geography, Peking University, Beijing 100871;
    3. Department of Geography, East China Normal Univer sity,Shanghai 200062
  • Received:1999-07-21 Revised:2000-02-18 Online:2000-05-15 Published:2000-05-15
  • Supported by:
    Key Ninth-Five-Year Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49631030

摘要: 旅游资源是旅游业可持续发展的物质基础和旅游生产力增长的潜力所在。作为国家普查规范和技术导引,旅游资源普查必然依据一定的分类系统,通过不同类型地域的实践,在《中国旅游资源普查规范》 (试行稿 )基础上,新拟的旅游资源分类系统完善为分类分级分态系统,并增加到 3个景系,1 0个景类,98个景型。在表征资源单体规模时,以景域、景段、景元三个空间尺度等级来区别,并根据资源所处状态分为已开发态、待开发态和潜在势态三种。

关键词: 旅游资源, 分类系统, 类型评价, 中国

Abstract: Tourist resources are the material basis of sustainable tourism and the potentiality of tourism economic growth. As the working criterion and technical guide for investigating tourist resources, the classification system of tourist resources is a very important premise of the work. Based on the criterion for investigating Chinese tourist resources, the new classification system was put forward. The newly added are three serials of natural, human and service; ten types of geologic landscape, water scene, climate and biology, other natural scene, historic heritage, modern human attractions, abstract human attractions, other human attraction, service resource and other service resources; plus ninety eight patterns. There are three grades to indicate the scale of monocase of tourist resources, which are field, segment and site. The tourist resources also can be divided into three states: developed, to be developed and latent. Based on this new classification system, more consummate characteristic item was revised, and the quantitative evaluation of types tourist resources was carried out by taking the Beihai City as an example to validate this system and methods. In the end, the paper points out that in order to achieve sustainable tourism, China must consummate the criterion for investigating tourist resources, and expand investigations to provide a series of tourist extractive engineering for building China into a country even more attractive to tourists in the world.

Key words: tourist resources, classification system, types evaluation, China

中图分类号: 

  • F592