地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (s1): 119-126.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1015

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

江河流域开发模式与澜沧江可持续发展研究

黄勇   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1999-02-10 修回日期:1999-04-10 出版日期:1999-12-15 发布日期:1999-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(49631020)

THE STUDY ON RELATION BETWEEN EXPERIMENT OFWORLD RIVERS DEVELOPMENT AND LANCANG桵EKONGRIVER SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Huang Yong   

  1. Institute of Geography,CAS,Beijing 100101
  • Received:1999-02-10 Revised:1999-04-10 Online:1999-12-15 Published:1999-12-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the key Project of the Naitional Natural Science Foundation of China.No.4931020

摘要: 通过分析国内外大河流域开发的多种模式,研究可遵循的客观规律和存在问题,借鉴其经验和教训,同时分析了澜沧江流域发展的有利条件和限制因素,提出澜沧江流域实现可持续发展的模式:多目标协同开发—生态发展模式,最后提出了实现可持续发展的—些对策和措施。

关键词: 澜沧江, 可持续发展, 流域开发

Abstract: The Lancang River, which is also called Mekong River outside China, is an international river. It is o-riginated in the northern range of Tanggula Mountain Range in Qinghai - Tibet Plateau of China. It runsacross the Indochina peninsula including Burma, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. This basin isabundant in water power and minerals; the most part of this basin are growing tropical rain forest. Meantime,this area has captivating tropical scenery and interesting customs of cultural minority. However, local re-sources are hardly used, so it is one of un developed regions in the world. Up to now, the area has poor com-munication and transportation systems, poor education and low living standards.So, how to boost the development of Lancang River Basin becomes a more and more important project tothe local government. Yunnan provincial government of China has put forward a plan, in which the region a-long Lancang River is an important development zone, and has invested much fund for undertaking investiga-tions of water power, minerals and biological resources, developing international novigation, extending high-way and improving investing conditions. However, exploring resources may bring some side affects, it maydestroy the natural environment, then the disturbed environment can make harm to human.In the world, there also have some rivers with abundant resources. We should summarize the experi-ences and lessons for the development and management of such rivers. Some of them could be used to the de-velopment of Lancang River Basin and to obtain largest economic and ecological benefits.In this paper, the author gives experiences and lessons of world river s development, and then analysesthe beneficial factors and the restrictive conditions of sustainable development of the Lancang River Basin. Fi-nally , the author gives the development model, discusses its sustainable development ways, and the means ofLancang-Mekong River Basin.

Key words: Lancang River, sustainable development, exploiting basins

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  • TV213.2