地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (s1): 110-118.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1014

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

澜沧江—湄公河次区域能源分布及配置

范业正   

  1. 华东师范大学地理系,上海200062
  • 收稿日期:1999-01-20 修回日期:1999-04-05 出版日期:1999-12-15 发布日期:1999-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(49631020);云南省自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(96D012Z)

THE DISTRIBUTION AND DISPOSITION OF ENERGY IN LANCANG桵EKONG RIVER SUBREGION

Fan Yezheng   

  1. Dept.of Geography,East China Normal University,Shanghai 20062
  • Received:1999-01-20 Revised:1999-04-05 Online:1999-12-15 Published:1999-12-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the key Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49631020; Supported by the key Project of the Provincial Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan, No.96D012Z

摘要: 澜沧江—湄公河次区域的经济合作已扩展到很多方面,其中能源方面的合作特别是水电合作开发是倍受参与国的关注。次区域水能资源的储藏量以中国云南省最丰富,其次是缅甸、老挝和越南。煤炭资源,主要分布在中国云南省、越南、泰国和缅甸,而老挝和柬埔寨储量比较少。油气资源主要分布在越、泰、缅三国,其中缅甸蕴藏的石油资源最丰富,其次是越南;天然气是泰国最多,其次是缅甸。由于次区域经济发展水平相差甚远,能源的需求也一样相差很大。其中,泰国经济最发达,成为次区域能源的消费大户,其次是越南和云南省,而缅甸、柬埔寨及老挝对能源需求量很小。 分析了次区域主要耗能国(泰国和越南)未来的电力供需,提出按空间上就近原则,合理配置能源。即泰国和越南就近相互利用次区域内周边地区的水电和油气资源。

关键词: 澜沧江—湄公河次区域, 水电能源, 合理配置

Abstract: In the Lancang-Mekong River subregion, the economic cooperation is mainly in two sectors - eneigyand transportation. All of the six countries considered it important to cooperate in the energy sector, becauseall of them will get a lot of interests from the cooperation. The hydropower is richest in Yunnan Province of China, and the next is Myanmar and Lao PDR. The coal resource mainly distributes in Yunnan Province ofChina, Viet Nam, Thailand and Myanmar. The oil and gas of Lancang-Mekong River subregion are mainlystored in Viet Nam, Thailand and Myanmar. The amount of energy demand is decided by the degree of eco-nomic development, the stronger economy is, the more energy demands. So Thailand is certainly the largestenergy consumer while Viet Nam is the second one.After the electricity supply and demand of Thailand and Viet Nam in the future was analyzed in this pa-per, the rational scheme of energy dispatch was gained according to the principle of geographic adjarcencg.

Key words: Lancang-Mekong River subregion, energy, distribution, rational disposition

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.2