地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (s1): 55-64.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1008

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

澜沧江—湄公河流域整体开发的前景与问题研究

陈丽晖1,2, 何大明2   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源系,南京210093;
    2. 云南省地理研究所,昆明650223
  • 收稿日期:1998-12-30 修回日期:1999-04-15 出版日期:1999-12-15 发布日期:1999-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(49631020);云南省自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(96D012Z)

THE PROSPECT AND PROBLEM OF INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT IN LANCANG桵EKONG RIVER BASIN

Chen Lihui1,2, He Darning2   

  1. 1. Department of Urban & Resources, Nanjing University , Nanjing 210093;
    2. Yunnan Institute of Geography, Kunming 650223
  • Received:1998-12-30 Revised:1999-04-15 Online:1999-12-15 Published:1999-12-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the key Project of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49631020; Supported by the key Project of the Provincial Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan, No.96D012Z

摘要: 回顾了流域开发模式的演进过程,归纳了整体开发模式特征。结合澜沧江—湄公河流域开发现状及存在的主要问题,对澜沧江—湄公河流域整体开发的必要性和前景,以及所面临的问题进行分析。

关键词: 澜沧江—湄公河, 流域整体开发, 前景和问题

Abstract: Reviewing the history of river basin development, it changes from the single objective way to the multi-objective way, and then, to development the river basin in the integrated way is accepted when the people’ srealization improved and the needs for resources increased. This paper concludes the four characteristics ofthe integrated development of the river; the base of integrated idea, the correct realization to the river basin,and the capable organization and community participation. As a case of the Lancang - Mekong River basin,some aspects are analyses to support the view of the integrated development; Firstly, the importance of theriver basin development is put forward; Secondly, favorable condition for cooperation to the riparian countriesare analyses; Tnirdly, it is essential factor to deal with the conflicts of the countries; Fourthly, the reason forthe present problem in resource development is no integrated view; Finally, the pressure on the resources andthe environment in the future also facilitate the integrated development. Furthurmore, author lists aspectswhich is benefit to the future prospect;(1) the beginning of cooperation, dialogue and research;(2) possibility of river basin institution establishing for river basin management;(3) AGREEMENT ON THE COOPERATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MEKONG RIVER BASIN has being passed though as an institutional frame work;(4) to adjust the industrial structure with range of the riparian countries;(5) mutual benefits from individual superiority.At last, some problems for the river basin integrated development is draw up as following;(1) lack of the collection and exchange of the information for the correct realization;(2) limitation of the organization;(3) incapable institution;(4) unreasonable and lower lever of the industrial structure;(5) no compensation to the community which do better to the integrated benefit;(6) unsuitable approach.

Key words: Lancang- Mekong River, integrated development of the river basin, prospect and problem

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.2