地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (s1): 11-20.doi: 10.11821/xb1999S1003

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

青藏高原国际河流区水资源特征及开发利用前景

刘天仇1, 其美多吉2   

  1. 1. 西藏自治区水文水资源勘测局,拉萨850000;
    2. 西藏大学,拉萨850000
  • 收稿日期:1998-12-20 修回日期:1999-03-20 出版日期:1999-12-15 发布日期:1999-12-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金“九五”重点项目(49631020)

CHARACTERISTICS, DEVELOPME AND UTILIZATIONPROSPECTS OF WATER RESOURCES OF THE INTERNATIONALRIVER AREA IN QINGHAI-TIBET PLATEAU

Liu Tianchou1, Qimeiduoji2   

  1. 1. Hydrological and Water Resources Servey Bureau of Tibet,Lhasa, 850000;
    2. (Tibetan University,Lhasa 850000
  • Received:1998-12-20 Revised:1999-03-20 Online:1999-12-15 Published:1999-12-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the key Project of the National Natural Science Foundatin of China,No.49631020

摘要: 青藏高原是中国和亚洲大江大河河源集中区,中国的长江、黄河及亚漩、 重要国际河流湄公河、萨尔温江、伊洛瓦底江、布拉马普特拉河、恒河、印度河均源泉于青藏高原这里地势高亢、气温低、光照充足、降水和径流地区差异大,年内分配不均,河川径流补给主要源于降水、融水和地下水,河水含沙量低,水质良好,水力资源丰富且开发条件优越随着国际经济一体化进程,青藏高原国际河流资源综合协调开发利用,必将为沿江各国的发展提供优质的能源和充足的水源。

关键词: 青藏高原, 国际河流, 水资源, 开发应用

Abstract: Qinghai - Tibet Plateau is major sources of many great rivers in Asia, such as Yangtse River and theYellow River in China, and some important international rivers as Mekong, Salween, Brahmaputra, Indi-an, Irrawaddy, and Ganges.Here is characterized by the highest elevation in the world; rich sunshine; and quite low temperature.These factors vary greatly between different regions in the same latitude in China.The precipitation and runoffis different between different areas and years. Hie forms of surface streamflow feed include precipitation feed,groundwater feed, and snowmelt feed.The sediment concentration is relatively lower and the water quality isgood.With the global trend of regional integrated economic development, it will benefit the Sustainability ofthe reparian countries, that the international rivers in Tibet are developed comprehensrively and coordinately,for supplying the high guality hydropower energy and water resources.

Key words: Qinghai - Tibet Plateau, international rivers, water resources, development and utiliza-tion

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.2