地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (6): 509-517.doi: 10.11821/xb199906004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

沿海地区能源供需保障与解决途径研究

刘毅   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1999-01-25 修回日期:1999-05-27 出版日期:1999-11-15 发布日期:1999-11-15
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院区域持续发展中心第三期项目;国家攻关项目子课题“区域可持续发展战略”

Measuresfor Problem sofEnergy Issuesand Supply in China’sCoastalRegion

LIU Yi   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1999-01-25 Revised:1999-05-27 Online:1999-11-15 Published:1999-11-15
  • Supported by:
    The project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

摘要: 东部沿海地区面向21 世纪的可持续发展面临资源、环境等突出矛盾, 其中能源供需保障是关系到社会经济能否持续发展的重大问题之一。本文在分析能源供需特点、问题及需求预测基础上, 提出下世纪初能源持续发展的主要途径应当是强化煤电运系统的能力建设, 利用国内外两种资源, 保障能源的有效供给; 合理的开发本地能源资源, 保持能源供给的支持能力, 缓解能源供需的紧张状况。

关键词: 沿海地区, 能源, 供给途径

Abstract: The coastalregion, with 60% ofthe country’s totalGDP, is a key area forna- tionaleconom ic developm entin China. Despite ofm any favorable conditions, coastalre- gion is facing som e serious problem s in its future developm ent, and am ong w hich energy supply is the m ostseriousone. With 7% ofChina’s energy proved resources, the energy consum ption ofcoastalre- gion in 1996 was 47% ofthecountry’s total, com paring with thatitsprim ary energy pro- duction registered 26% ofthecountry asaw hole.Asa result, therecentenergy sufficien- cy ofthisarea is only about51%, and itis estim ated thatthe am ountofim ported energy willreach nearly 550 m illion tonesin 2010. Considering thespatialdisparity in energy pro- duction and consum ption in this area, such a huge energy supply willcause a big pressure on energy transport, particularly on the railway system . Whatism ore, the greatincrease in energy consum ption dom inated by coal (m ore than 74% of the total energy consum ption) w illm ake the environm entalproblem s w orse. Resting on allthesesfacts, som em easuresforim proving theenergy production in this area could be: first, speeding up the construction oftherm opowerprojects nearthe sea to save the fresh water; second, lim iting the scale ofrecentcoalproduction to save the re- sources; third, reinforcing industrialrestructuring and enhancing energy efficiency. Itis also im portantto im provethe transportfacilitiesforgetting m oreim ported ener- gy from inland China. Firstofall, therailroadsand harborsserved forcoaltransportation should be builtup in tim e, such astherailway linelinking the Shaanxiand Huanghuahar- bor, as w ellas Xi’an—Nanjing—Shanghairaillines. Secondly, the corridorofthe long- distance power transm it lines served for the hydropower stations such as at the upper reaches ofChangjiang river should be setup. The last, m ore and m ore oilshould be im - portfrom abroad to optim ize energy consum ption structure. As to the relationshipsofenergy supply, thedevelopm entpoliciesshould beem phases distinctly in differentareasofcoastalregion as follow s: the structuraloptim ization ofthe energy supply w ith a greatfavorin the developm entofthe hydropow erand nuclearpower and im portoilfor the south area, the construction oftherm opow er stations burning coal and the railw ay line for coaltransportfrom north area.

Key words: China’scoastalregion, energy, solution ofsupply

中图分类号: 

  • F127.9