地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (6): 481-486.doi: 10.11821/xb199906001

• 论文 •    下一篇

澳门人地关系研究

胡兆量, 李燕茹, 阮学金   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学系,北京100871
  • 收稿日期:1999-03-18 修回日期:1999-06-03 出版日期:1999-11-15 发布日期:1999-11-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(49831003)

Research on Macao’sMan-Land Relationship

HU Zhao-liang, LIYan-ru, RUAN Xue-jin   

  1. Departm entof Urban and Environm entalSciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871
  • Received:1999-03-18 Revised:1999-06-03 Online:1999-11-15 Published:1999-11-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49831003

摘要: 从16 世纪中叶到20 世纪末叶, 澳门的城市性质和城市功能发生多次急剧变化。人地关系规律的一些要点在澳门的发展和变化中都有反映。澳门在浙、闽、粤沿海众多的港口中脱颖而出反映自然环境是社会发展必不可少的条件。澳门成为东西方交流的桥梁反映自然环境在人类需要时才能转化为推动社会的要素。澳门港口的衰落反映航海技术的进步、船型大型化导致人地关系的演变。澳门经济转型艰难反映人文资源在人地关系中的地位呈上升趋势。澳门的城市形象和空间格局有抹不掉的自然印记,反映人地关系的发展是利用自然和利用自然规律的深化, 不是人类可以离开自然、离开自然规律。

关键词: 人地关系规律, 距离衰减规律, 科氏力作用, 土生葡人

Abstract: From the m iddle 16th century to the late 20th century, there had been several tim es ofdram atic changes in Macao’s city character and function. Som e essentials ofthe regulation ofm an-land relationship werereflected in Macao’sdevelopm entand transform a- tion. Macao’s talent show ing itself am ong the num erous ports of Zhejiang, Fujian and Guangdong provinces reflects thatnaturalenvironm entis the absolutely necessary condi- tion for socialdevelopm ent. Macao’s actor as the bridge for the com m unication between theeastern and w estern world showsthatthenaturalenvironm entwon’tbecom etheim pe- tus for socialdevelopm entuntilm an need it. The declination ofthe portofMacao shows thatthe advancem entofthe navigation technology as wellas the enlargem entofthe ship type can resultin the evolvem entofthe m an-land relationship. The difficulties facing by Macao during the transform ation ofits econom ic structure reflectthathum an resource is m ore and m oreim portantin them an-land relationship.Thedeep naturalbrand in Macao’s city im ageand spatialstructure shows thatthedevelopm entofm an-land relationship does notm ean that m an can do withoutnature orignoring the law ofnature, butm eans that m an is deepening the utilization ofnature and the law ofthe nature. Using the regulation ofm an-land relationship to analyze therising and declination of Macao w illfurtherourknowledgeoftheessence ofMacao, and enrich the connotation of geography.

Key words: regulation of m an-land relationship, rule of attenuation w ith the distance, corioliseffect, aboriginalportuguese

中图分类号: 

  • K926.59