地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (5): 420-430.doi: 10.11821/xb199905005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

外商直接投资对中国沿海地区经济发展的影响

李小建   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院,河南开封475001
  • 收稿日期:1998-12-25 修回日期:1998-02-27 出版日期:1999-09-15 发布日期:1999-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(49671035)

Foreign Direct Investment and Its Impact on Economic Development of Coastal China

LI Xiao jian   

  1. College of Environmentand Planning, Kaifeng 475001
  • Received:1998-12-25 Revised:1998-02-27 Online:1999-09-15 Published:1999-09-15
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49671035

摘要: 定量模型分析表明, 外商直接投资对沿海地区经济增长具显着影响, 但并非是促使这些地区经济增长的最主要影响变量。大企业调查表明, 外资影响通过产业关联在投资地和非投资地扩散; 外资对沿海地区技术水平和管理水平的提高有重要促进作用。与其他国家相比, 中国早期外资并不集中于经济最为发达的省份, 而具缓和经济差异的作用; 但随着这些省份已成为发达地区, 其影响方向便发生改变。

关键词: 外商直接投资, 区域发展, 中国

Abstract: Foreign direct investment(FDI)has expanded rapidly in China since 1980s.China has become the second largest FD Irecipient in the world in recent years.Given this backg round,some scholars consider that FDI is increasingly becoming an important factor in affecting economic growth in China.By using a growth model,this paperillu strates that FDI has failed to be statistically accepted as a variable in the national economic growth since 1983.However,among the provinces and municipalities in China’s coast,FDI not only proves itself above a high significant level,but also,it shows quite high elast icity in economic growth.In Guangdong province,for example,one percentage growth of FDI in GDP in one year,according to the estimation in the model,may generate 2.93 percen tages of GDP growth rate this year plus 1.63 percentages of GDP growth rate in the following year.Fujian,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Beijing and Tianjin have different multiplier effects.In spite of its significant impact,FDI is not the most important factor in regional economic growth even in the coastal provinces and municip a lities.Labor plays the most important rolein economic growth of Guangdong,Fujian and Jiangsu,and structural change is the dominant factor for Shanghai and Tianjin.

Key words: FDI, regional development, China

中图分类号: 

  • F832.9