地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (5): 385-390.doi: 10.11821/xb199905001

• 论文 •    下一篇

我国20世纪地理学发展回顾及新世纪前景展望——祝贺中国地理学会创立90周年

吴传钧, 张家桢   

  1. 中国地理学会,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1999-08-16 修回日期:1999-08-20 出版日期:1999-09-15 发布日期:1999-09-15

Review the Development of Geography in the 20 th Century and Prospect for Geography in the 21 st Century ——Congratulation on the 90 th anniversary of the Founding of the Geographical Society of China

WU Chuan jun, ZHANG Jia zhen   

  1. Geographical Society of China, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1999-08-16 Revised:1999-08-20 Online:1999-09-15 Published:1999-09-15

摘要: 中国地理学会创立 90 年来, 我国地理学经历了由近代地理学向现代地理学发展的历程。中国地理学会在团结广大地理工作者为促进学科发展和为国民经济建设服务等方面发挥了重要的作用。展望新世纪, 在知识经济时代, 我国地理学应加强在基础理论、地理环境的变化和保护、地区资源系统、区域综合发展、地理信息与技术等方面的研究。

关键词: 中国地理学, 中国地理学会, 20世纪, 21世纪

Abstract: Chinese classical geography began during B.C. 770~B.C. 221. It is an important part of the Chinese ancient civilization. The founding of the China Earth Science Society (predecessor of the Geographical Society of China) in 1909 marked the geography in China from the classical stage to the modern stage. Composed of 17 discipline committees, 4 working committees, 7 branch committees, and the Editorial Board of Acta Geographica Sinica. Geographical Society of China (GSC) is an academic group with 18 000 society member. As one of the oldest Chinese national academic organization, GSC is playing an important rule in the development of geography in China. The duties of the GSC are to organize academy activities, to strengthen the academy interchange between China and other countries. In the last 50 years, the geography research attained significant academic achievements in China. Up to now, there are 53 departments of geography, 15 institutes of geography, more than 40 geography journals, more than 10 000 geographers in China (including Taiwan & Hong Kong). In 21st century, there are five research fields that will be enhanced in China: basic theory on geography, environment change and environment protection, regional resources system, regional comprehensive development, and geography information system.

Key words: China geography, Geographical Society of China, 20th century, 21st century

中图分类号: 

  • P90