地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (4): 327-334.doi: 10.11821/xb199904005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大青山河谷地貌特征及新构造意义

马保起1, 李克1, 吴卫民1, 聂宗笙1, 杨发2, 郭文生2, 何福利2   

  1. 1. 国家地震局地壳应力研究所,北京100085;
    2. 内蒙古自治区地震局,内蒙古呼和浩特010051
  • 收稿日期:1997-05-07 修回日期:1998-09-10 出版日期:1999-07-15 发布日期:1999-07-15
  • 基金资助:
    地震科学联合基金资助项目(196071)

Features and Neotectonic Significance of River Valley Landforms in Mt. Daqingshan

MA Bao qi1, LI Ke1, WU Wei min1, NIE Zong sheng1, YANG Fa2, GUO Wen sheng2, HE Fu li 2   

  1. 1. Institute of Crustal Dynamics SSB, Beijing 100085;
    2. Seismological Bureau of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Hohhot 010051
  • Received:1997-05-07 Revised:1998-09-10 Online:1999-07-15 Published:1999-07-15
  • Supported by:
    Seismology Foundation,No.196071

摘要: 论述了大青山河谷地貌的基本特征,河谷地貌的形成和演化明显地受大青山山前断裂带的控制。在山前断裂强烈活动的地段,河流深切呈峡谷,发育多级河流阶地,河谷纵剖面为上凸形,谷底宽度与谷肩山高度之比Vf值较小;在山前断裂活动较弱的地段,河流侧蚀呈宽谷,河流阶地级数较少,河谷纵剖面为下凹形,Vf值较大。河谷纵剖面凹度与大青山抬升幅度线性负相关。

关键词: 大青山山前断裂, 河流阶地, 河谷纵剖面, 支流, V_f值, 抬升幅度

Abstract: There are 6 major rivers, named Wudanggou, Shuijiangou, Meidaigou, Dashuigou, Shuimogou and Halagou, from west to east, in Mt. Daqingshan, the upthrown block of the Daqingshan Piedmont Fault, which is an active normal fault. Based on paleoearthquakes having occurred along it, the Piedmont Fault can be divided into 5 segments, one of which has undergone unique faulting history. Accordingly, the 6 rivers, Crossing different segments of the Piedmont Fault, have differences in their landforms. The features of river valley landforms in Mt. Daqingshan reveal that the 3 middle segments are more active than the other 2 segments of the fault. In the river valleys, 2~5 terraces, having developed since 23 ka BP of Late Pleistocene, are identified. In the 4 west rivers’ valleys, the number of terraces is 4~5; the highest terrace is 80~120 m above the current river bed; all of the terraces have been displaced by the Daqingshan Piedmont Fault. But in the 2 east rivers’ valleys, the number of terraces is fewer, only 2~4; the highest terrace is 20~45 m; the latest terrace, formed in Holocene, has not been displaced yet. The model diagram of longitudinal profiles of the 6 rivers’ valleys is a parabolic pattern: h=aln . The longitudinal profile of the 4 west rivers’ valleys has a convex parabolic pattern, n<1; but that of the 2 east rivers’ valleys has a concave pattern, n>1. The more active a segment of the Fault is, the more convex the parabolic pattern of the river’s valley crossing the segment is. From west to east, Vf value of the river mouth at the Piedmont Fault becomes higher. Based on the detailed landforms and their formation ages of the rivers’ valleys, we can drive some conclusions on the activities of the Daqingshan Piedmont Fault. Since 23 ka BP, the uplift amount of Mt. Daqingshan is the same as the elevation of terrace Ⅴ near the Fault, 80~120 m for the 3 middle parts, and 20~45 m for the east part. During Holocene, the uplift amount is about 17~18 m for the 3 middle parts and less than 6 m for the east part. Obviously, the slip rate of the Daqingshan Fault can be calculated.

Key words: the Daqingshan Piedmont Fault, river terrace, the longitudinal profile of river valley, tributary valley, Vf value, uplift amount

中图分类号: 

  • P931.2