地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (4): 289-298.doi: 10.11821/xb199904001

• 论文 •    下一篇

约束性单元自动演化CA模型及可持续城市发展形态的模拟

黎夏1, 叶嘉安2   

  1. 1. 广州地理研究所,广东广州510070;
    2. 香港大学城市规划及环境管理研究中心,香港
  • 收稿日期:1998-08-14 修回日期:1998-12-17 出版日期:1999-07-15 发布日期:1999-07-15
  • 基金资助:
    香港Croucher基金项目

Constrained Cellular Automata for Modelling Sustainable Urban Forms

LI Xia1, YEH A GO 2   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangzhou 510070;
    2. Centre of Urban Planning and Environmental Management, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Received:1998-08-14 Revised:1998-12-17 Online:1999-07-15 Published:1999-07-15
  • Supported by:
    Croucher Foundation,Hong Kong

摘要: 单元自动演化CA可以大大增强GIS的空间模型能力,在国外被越来越多地应用于城市发展演化过程的模拟。本文探讨了如何通过CA与GIS的结合来进行可持续土地发展规划的新方法。提出了基于约束性的CA模型,具体分析了局部、区域以及全局约束性对CA模型结果的影响。并将灰度的概念引进CA模型中来反映状态连续的变化,克服常规CA模型的缺陷。

关键词: 单元自动演化, 城市模拟, 可持续发展, 约束性

Abstract: Cellular Automata (CA) have attracted growing attention in urban simulation because of their capability in spatial modelling which is not fully developed in GIS. This paper discusses how cellular automata (CA) which is increasingly used in urban simulation can be extended and integrated with GIS to help planners in the search for sustainable urban forms. A constrained cellular automaton is developed to produce optimal development patterns and thus reduce wasteful use of land resources. The cellular automaton is built within a grid GIS system to facilitate easy access to GIS databases for constructing the constraints. The essence of the model is that constraint space is used to regulate cellular space. Local, regional and global constraints play equally important roles in affecting the modelling results. Agricultural suitability, available land resource and economic and population growth could be used as key constraints. The paper discusses how to combine these constraints in CA modelling to enhance the efficiency in using land resources. In addition, ‘grey’ cells are defined to represent the continuous degrees or percentages of urban land development during the iterations of modelling for more accurate results. The model can be easily controlled by the parameter k using a power transformation function for calculating constraint scores. The CA model can be used as a useful planning tool to test the effects of different scenarios of urban development. The protection of valuable agricultural land is important in many developing countries where cities are growing rapidly. In China, some cities are expanding without properly considering land suitability and environmental impacts. Recent rapid land development has been accompanied by the loss of large amount of agricultural land. This study demonstrates that CA can be used to simulate urban development based on constraints that reflect our environmental concerns. The objective is to produce sustainable urban forms as alternatives to the existing development patterns. The study has suggested that CA can be used as a useful planning tool to model urban development under complicated and changeable environmental factors.

Key words: cellular automata, urban simulation, sustainable development, constraints

中图分类号: 

  • N949