地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (3): 233-240.doi: 10.11821/xb199903005

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江沿岸港口体系空间结构研究

曹有挥   

  1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京210008
  • 收稿日期:1997-12-28 修回日期:1998-08-13 出版日期:1999-05-15 发布日期:1999-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    安徽教委高校自然科学基金资助

ON THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF CHANGJIANG RIVER PORT SYSTEM

Cao Youhui   

  1. Department of Urban and Resource Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210008
  • Received:1997-12-28 Revised:1998-08-13 Online:1999-05-15 Published:1999-05-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by National Planning Committee of China

摘要: 运用吉尼系数分析技术研究建国以来长江沿岸港口体系空间结构的动态演变规律。结果表明:①该港口体系空间结构变动的总趋势是趋向集中,但集中化进程是在空间集聚程度很低的基础上运行的,并具有明显的阶段性。②规模经济、沿江地区经济的不均衡发展、技术创新、交通网络变动和国家政策变化等因素的综合作用是导致上述动态特征的成因机制。③未来该港口体系空间结构演变的主导方向仍是集中化,但其速度将有所放慢,并将呈现出一线三点的基本格局。

关键词: 港口体系, 空间结构, 长江沿岸, 吉尼系数

Abstract: It has great significance, both theorefically and practically, to study the change of the spatial structure of port system. In the West, Geographers interested in this problem have focused on two aspects the competition of hinterlands or forelands among ports and the degree of traffic concentration in port system. But scholars at domestic have not study this problem from view of change of cargo flow up to now. The main purpose of this paper is to study the dynamic features, formation causes and change tendencies of the spatial structure of the Changjiang River port system. Based on annual cargo throughout of 24 principal ports on the Changjing River from 1952 to 1995, author calculates Gini coefficients of the port system in eight base years. Gini coeffient in 1952 as only 0.209 5 that was rather low, then there appeared an steady tendency to rise. In 1980, Gini coefficient reached its maximum which was 0.528 0. But an evident drop took place at the early of 1980’s. According to above calculating results, author holds that there are four dynamic features of spatial structure of the port system, (1) The spatial structure of the port system has become more concentration from 1952 to 1995 by and large; (2) It is based on much deconcentrated port distributions that the spatial structure tends concentration; (3) There is obvious difference for the change of spatial stracture in 4 phases; (4) An evident deconcentration process took place at the early of 1980’s. A systematic analysis has been carried out on the formation causes of the change of the spatial structure of Changjiang River port system. The paper holds that the following factors have profound implications on its evolution: economies of scale, uneven economic development along the Changjiang River, the change of the prot system’s technological conditions, the development of transport network, and the transformation of the nation’s economic policies. Compared with some port systems in the West, the Changjiang River port system is still in the primary fromation stage. The present spatial state of the port system is unfavourable to elaboration of the whole benefit itself. In the author’s opinion, from now on the basic trend will be continued toward the concentration in the spatial structure but the developing velocity will be slowed down. Nanjing, Wuhan and Chongqing will grow faster than the other ports.

Key words: port system, spatial structure, regions along the Changjiang River, gini coefficient

中图分类号: 

  • U651.1