地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 66 ›› Issue (3): 204-212.doi: 10.11821/xb199903002

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国大中城市流动人口迁移规律研究

顾朝林1, 蔡建明2, 张伟2, 马清裕2, 陈振光3, 李王鸣4, 沈道齐5   

  1. 1. 南京大学城市与资源学系,南京210093;
    2. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101;
    3. 香港大学城市规划与环境管理中心,香港;
    4. 杭州大学区域与城市科学系,杭州310028;
    5. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京210008
  • 收稿日期:1997-11-20 修回日期:1998-07-18 出版日期:1999-05-15 发布日期:1999-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目,编号49331010

A STUDY ON THE PATTERNS OF MIGRATION IN CHINESE LARGE AND MEDIUM CITIES

Gu Chaolin1, Cai Jianming2, Zhang Wei2, Ma Qingyu2, Roger CK CHAN3, Li Wangming4, Shen Daoqi5   

  1. 1. Department of Urban and Resource Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093;
    2. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101;
    3. Centre of Urban Planning&Environmental Management the University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong;
    4. Department of Regional and Urban Science,Hangzhou University,Hangzhou 310028;
    5. Nanjing Institute of Geography,Chinese Academy of sciences,Nanjing 210008
  • Received:1997-11-20 Revised:1998-07-18 Online:1999-05-15 Published:1999-05-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China No.49331010

摘要: 本文在对西方国家人口流动研究进行综述的基础上,通过北京、天津、南京、廊坊、唐山和昆山等大中城市流动人口问卷调查,首次对大中城市流动人口迁移和流动特征、从业结构、迁移原因与途径进行了系统的研究。中国现在正在经历大规模的农村流动人口向城市迁移的过程。这种迁移的动力主要是经济因素。家庭迁移现已较单身迁移更为普遍。从经济学的角度看,低附加值、非熟练工作岗位是流动人口第一次就业的主要职业,然后向服务业和手工制造业工作岗位转移;链式迁移是流动人口迁移的主要形式。

关键词: 流动人口, 迁移规律, 东部城市

Abstract: This paper reveals the mechanism of population migration along the coastal urban regions in China. This is the first large scale survey on floating population ever conducted in large and medium cities including Beijing, Tianjin, Tangshan, Langfang, Nanjing and Kunshan. The paper first reviews the intellectual foundation of demographic studies on migration. With the survey data and further analysis, it examines the characteristics of population migration in Chinese cities. China is now undergoing a large scale of rural migration into the urban domain with mechanistic increases in the number of floating population. The motive for migration is predominately economic. Family type migration is getting more popular than individual migration. From an economic perspective, low value added, semi skilled jobs are taken up by the first time migrants, and there is also the corresponding shift to service and managerial type of work for the local residents. Chain type migration with upward movement on the job ladder is observed for the second time migrants. From a social viewpoint, jobs for migrants are mostly untenured and without welfare provision as compared with those available for the urban dwellers. Migrations in cities coalesced together to form cliques and syndicates. This has resulted in a more segregated urban morphology.

Key words: floating population, patterns of migration, large and medium cities

中图分类号: 

  • C922