地理学报 ›› 1999, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 97-105.doi: 10.11821/xb199902001

• 论文 •    下一篇

中国外商直接投资的区域分异及其变化

贺灿飞, 梁进社   

  1. 北京师范大学资源与环境科学系,国家教委环境演变与自然灾害开放研究实验室,北京100875
  • 收稿日期:1997-08-07 修回日期:1997-12-21 出版日期:1999-03-15 发布日期:1999-03-15

REGIONAL DIFFERENCES OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN CHINA

He Canfei, Liang Jinshe   

  1. Department of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Open Research Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of State Education of China, Beijing 100875
  • Received:1997-08-07 Revised:1997-12-21 Online:1999-03-15 Published:1999-03-15

摘要: 本文分析结果表明,中国的外商直接投资主要分布于沿海地带省区和沿长江流域省区的“T”型轴线上,90年代以来呈现由南向北以及沿长江向中西部地带转移的趋势。从传统因素、集聚因素、风险因素三方面分析了我国外商直接投资区域差异形成及其演变的原因,并得到一系列结论与启示。

关键词: 外商直接投资, 区域差异, 中国

Abstract: Massive influx of foreign direct investment (FDI) since her opening to the outside world has made China the largest FDI receiving nation in the developing world. The distribution of FDI in China is highly uneven because of complex regional differences. On the whole, FDI has been concentrated in the coastal provinces and along the Changjiang River, namely in the provinces of Guangdong, Jiangsu, Fujian, Shanghai, Shandong, Liaoning, Zhejiang and Hainan. From the 1980s to the 1990s, there was a major shift from the south to the north and the middle reaches of the Changjiang River. This regional pattern is explained by coefficients of elasticity. Using SAS, this paper calculates the relative importance of three sets of factors affecting the distribution of FDI. The traditional factors used include comparative labor cost, market capability and capital productivity. The aggregate factors include infrastructure, the level of economic development and cumulative FDI. And the risk factors include cumulative FDI, the degree of openness, and geo economic factors. The following conclusions were reached. (1) The regional patterns of FDI reflect the existing unbalanced patterns of development. (2) The key factors influencing the patterns of FDI are information cost, market capability and risk factors. (3) A change in the selected factors affected the comparative advantages of regions, which in turn affected the regional patterns of FDI. (4) FDI has moved beyond the early exploratory stage of seeking quick profit to the mature stage aimed at market expansion. (5) The basic patterns of FDI distribution are difficult to change because of the inherent differences among regions.

Key words: foreign direct investment, regional difference, China

中图分类号: 

  • F119.9