地理学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (s1): 186-192.doi: 10.11821/xb1998s1023

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

环境冲突分析研究及其地理学内涵

穆从如, 杨勤业, 刘雪华   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1997-10-06 修回日期:1998-12-20 出版日期:1998-12-15 发布日期:1998-12-15
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目,编号49071034

RESEARCH ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT ANALYSES AND ITS SIGNIFICATION IN GEOGRAPHY

Mu Congru, Yang Qinye, Liu Xuehua   

  1. Institute of Geography, CAS, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-10-06 Revised:1998-12-20 Online:1998-12-15 Published:1998-12-15
  • Supported by:

    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China, No.49071034

摘要: 环境冲突是在发展经济过程中,人类活动和地理环境间产生的不同地区、不同程度、不同形式的多方面对立态势的总称。环境冲突研究正日益受到国内外学者的广泛关注。本文介绍环境冲突国内外研究方向及进展。并从环境冲突的概念、研究内容与分类等方面加以阐述。由于环境冲突的形成发展及演变深受自然地理、人文地理各要素的影响和制约,表现出明显的地理学意义,具有广泛的应用前景,将成为区域地理研究的新领域。

关键词: 环境冲突, 环境脆弱形势, 环境管理, 地理内涵

Abstract: Environmental conflict consists of the conflicts, between human activities and geographical environment in different areas, with different extent and form. It takes place more frequently with the development of economy, improper and excess exploitation of natural resources, and the out-of-order competition among departments and regions. This thesis introduces the devel-opment of the research overseas. Due to its obvious regionalism and inter-conditioning and inter-dependence with elements of physical and human geography, Environmental conflict has pro-found geographical signification handling environmental conflict by the same principle of justice in dealing with inter-regional, inter-department, and inter-generation conflicts, reliably regional sustainable development is essential. Then, the application of environmental conflict analysis in geographical research is tentatively discussed.

Key words: environmental conflict, critical situation of environment, environmental management, geographical signification

中图分类号: 

  • K901