地理学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (5): 429-437.doi: 10.11821/xb199805006

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

佘山风景区景观空间格局分析及其规划初探

唐礼俊   

  1. 复旦大学环境和资源生物学系,上海200433
  • 收稿日期:1996-11-01 修回日期:1998-01-01 出版日期:1998-09-15 发布日期:1998-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    复旦大学青年基金,编号CH16206

THE SPATIAL PATTERN ANALYSIS OF LANDSCAPE AND THE LANDSCAPE PLANNING IN SHESHAN SCENIC SPOT

Tang Lijun   

  1. Department of Environmental and Resources Biology, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433
  • Received:1996-11-01 Revised:1998-01-01 Online:1998-09-15 Published:1998-09-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by Fudan Young Scientist Foundation No.CH16206

摘要: 本文通过对景观多样性、优势度、均匀度、自然景观破碎度和分离度等景观生态学指标分析,对上海市佘山风景区的景观空间格局进行了评价。结果表明,目前风景区景观多样性较小、均匀度较低,森林植被为农田分割,分离度较大,农田组成比例超过森林植被,占优势地位。如能在现行控制区内沿道路和河渠设置片林、草地,调整农田结构,增加果园面积,则风景区面貌将大为改观,景观多样性上升,均匀度增加,破碎度减小,分离度下降,基本达到山林风光为主的总体规划目标。

关键词: 佘山风景区, 景观空间格局分析, 景观规划

Abstract: A rational spatial pattern of natural landscape is the aim of landscape planning and landscape designing in natural scenic spot.In this paper,landscape ecological methods have been introduced to describe and analyze quantitatively the landscape constitution and landscape lanning in Sheshan Scenic Spot,the sole forest scenic spot in the suburbs of Shanghai city.Five landscape ecological indices such as landscape diversity,landscape dominance,landscape evenness,landscape fragmentation and landscape isolation were chosen to judge the spatial patterns of natural landscape.Results shown that the present landscape structure was dominated by farm land which constitute 39.3%of the total area,with the lowest isolation index(0.135).

Key words: Sheshan Scenic Spot,the spatial pattern analysis of landscape,landscape planning

中图分类号: 

  • P901