地理学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (5): 413-421.doi: 10.11821/xb199805004

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

山东省跨世纪可持续发展的综合调控研究

毛汉英   

  1. 中国科学院地理研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:1997-09-01 修回日期:1998-06-01 出版日期:1998-09-15 发布日期:1998-09-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金,编号49471035

STUDY ON COMPRENSIVE REGULATION OF SUSTA INABL ED EVELOPM ENT WHEN SHANDONG PROVINCE STEP INTO NEXT CENTURY

Mao Hanying   

  1. Institute of Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101
  • Received:1997-09-01 Revised:1998-06-01 Online:1998-09-15 Published:1998-09-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China

摘要: 建立区域可持续发展的综合调控体系,是确保可持续发展战略目标顺利实现的重要保证。本文以我国沿海地区经济发展较快的山东省为例,通过对经济发展同资源环境的关系分析指出,山东省1978年以来经济的持续超高速增长导致自然资源的过度消耗和生态环境日益恶化,并引发了一系列经济和社会问题。最后重点探讨实施可持续发展战略的综合调控对策。

关键词: 山东省, 可持续发展, 资源环境, 综合调控, 对策

Abstract: Establishing comprehensive regulative system of regional sustainable development is an important guarantee for its sustainable development.The aim consists of following asperts:Main target should be econom ic and social sustainable development,and basic target should be resources sustainable use and ecological environment improvement.Measures such as sustainable developmental ability cultivation and traditional developmental model reform,market mechanism improvement,and comprehensive regulation of regional policy,economic law,technical and administrative means,should be taken so that regional economy and society can develop efficiently,and these measures can coordinate population,resources and ecological environment harmoniously.Shandong is one of the fast developmental provinces in coastal areas in China.From 1979~1995,its provincial GDP(computed in comparable price)increased by 11.9%per year.In the former 6 years before 1990s,it was 14.74%,which was 2.1 and 4.4 percents higher than that of the national average in the same time.Natural resources such as water,cultivated land,energy these resources were over consumed as its economy increased continuously with over high speed.As a result,ecological environment has worsened and some other problems broke out (for example,economic benefit decreased,disparity widened between the east and the west with in Shandong).After a comprehen sive study on Shandong’s sustainable developmental indicators system,the author points out that Shandong belongs to a soft sustainable developmental type.

Key words: Shandong province,sustainable development,resources and environment,comprehensive regulation,counterm easures

中图分类号: 

  • F127