地理学报 ›› 1998, Vol. 65 ›› Issue (3): 270-278.doi: 10.11821/xb199803010

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国农村工业发展型式研究

苗长虹   

  1. 河南大学地理系,开封475001
  • 收稿日期:1996-04-01 修回日期:1996-07-01 出版日期:1998-05-15 发布日期:1998-05-15
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助研究成果,No.49501007

THE PATTERNS OF RURAL INDUSTRIAL DVELOPMENT IN CHINA

Miao Changhong   

  1. Department of Geography, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001
  • Received:1996-04-01 Revised:1996-07-01 Online:1998-05-15 Published:1998-05-15
  • Supported by:
    Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China,No.49501007

摘要: 本文根据系统与环境相互作用理论,依初始主导环境因素将农村工业发展型式划分为6种基本类型:农副产品加工型、城市扩散辐射型、矿产资源开发型、外资外贸推动型、人力资本推动型、市场加工循环推动型,并依是由权力精英或是由经济精英发动将6种基本类型划分为12种亚型;本文重点对各个型式的形成条件和特征进行了分析,对不同型式的发展潜力和存在问题进行了对比,并探讨了它们在欠发达地区的适用性。

关键词: 农村工业, 发展型式, 发展环境, 农村精英

Abstract: The rural industry has become increasingly important in regional economic development of China. However, there is a great geographic diversity in the performance and the development patterns of this sector. According to the theory of interaction of system and its environment, the patterns of rural industrial development could be classified by the dominant exogenous conditions and the internal structures of rural industry and rural elites. So in the light of initial dominant environmental conditions, this paper divided the patterns into the following six fundamental types: Agricultural products processing, Mine resources expolitation and processing, Urban radiation, Human capital, Foreign trade and capital and Market processing. Although the environmental conditions are important for the initial development of rural industry, because the structures of rural industry in an area are the results of selection by local rural elites under the given environment, there are different behavior characteristics of power elites and economic elites in fostering a particular pattern, two sub types in every pattern, fostered by rural power elites and by rural economic elites, could be divided. Consequently, the patterns of rural industrial development in China could be divided into six basic types and twelve sub types. At last, this paper respectively investigated the main forming conditions and the principal features of each pattern, the sphere of application of every pattern in China’s less developed areas was also discussed.

Key words: rural industry, patterns of development, environment, rural elites

中图分类号: 

  • F324.5